ArcheoBiblioBase: Archives in Russia: G-24
Nauchno-tekhnicheskaia biblioteka Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta putei soobshcheniia (NTB PGUPS)
|1992–1993||Biblioteka Peterburgskogo instituta inzhenerov zheleznodorozhnogo transporta (Biblioteka PIIT)
[Library of the St. Petersburg Institute of Railroad Transport Engineers]
|1949–1992||Biblioteka Leningradskogo instituta inzhenerov zheleznodorozhnogo transporta im. akad. V.N. Obraztsova (Biblioteka LIIZhT)
[Library of the V.N. Obraztsov Leningrad Institute of Railroad Transport Engineers]
|1932–1937||Biblioteka Leningradskogo instituta inzhenerov zheleznodorozhnogo transporta im. Ia.E. Rudzutaka (Biblioteka LIIZhT)
[Library of the Ia.E. Rudzutak Leningrad Institute of Railroad Transport Engineers]
|1931–1932, 1937–1949||Biblioteka Leningradskogo instituta inzhenerov zheleznodorozhnogo transporta (Biblioteka LIIZhT)
[Library of the Leningrad Institute of Railroad Transport Engineers]
|1917–1931||Biblioteka Petrogradskogo (Leningradskogo) instituta inzhenerov putei soobshcheniia (Biblioteka PIIPS/LIIPS)
[Library of the Petrograd (Leningrad) Institute of Transportation Engineers]
|1882–1890||Biblioteka Vysshei akademii inzhenernogo dela
[Library of the Higher Academy of Engineering]
|1877–1882, 1890–1917||Biblioteka Instituta inzhenerov putei soobshcheniia Imperatora Aleksandra I
[Library of the Emperor Alexander I Institute of Transportation Engineers]
|1864–1877||Biblioteka Instituta inzhenerov putei soobshcheniia
[Library of the Institute of Transportation Engineers]
|1810–1864||Biblioteka Instituta korpusa inzhenerov putei soobshcheniia
[Library of the Institute of the Corps of Transportation Engineers]
|1809–1810||Biblioteka Instituta korpusa inzhenerov vodianykh i sukhoputnykh soobshchenii
[Library of the Institute of the Corps of Engineers of Water and Land Transportation]
The library was established in 1809 together with the Institute of the Corps of Transportation Engineers under the Main Administration of Transportation and Public Buildings, and later, the Ministry of Transportation (or literally, Means of Communication). The first rector of the Institute, who had been instrumental in its foundation, was the French engineer, Lieutenant-General August in Béthencourt (A.A. Betankur). Previously in service to the Spanish government, he arranged academic relations with the French School of Bridges and Highways (École des ponts et chaussés) and brought other faculty from France. One of the first technical engineering schools in the country, the Institute trained engineers for the development of the major railroads, canals, and highways of the Russian Empire, although before 1864, it had a predominantly military orientation. The name and administrative affiliation of the Institute has changed many times in the course of its long history.
During the Soviet period (1931–1991), while the name of the Institute suggested its orientation for railroad engineering, its faculty and graduates were also involved in electrification, hydroelectric projects, and other major construction enterprises. In 1949, the Institute took the honorific name of the Soviet transportation engineer Vladimir Nikolaevich Obraztsov (1874–1949), which it dropped in 1992. The Institute was raised to the status of a university in 1993, at which time it received its present name, sometimes translated as the St. Petersburg State University of Means of Communication.
Before 1917, the library acquired holdings from the private libraries of Minister of Transportation K.N. Pos'et, the architect Auguste Ricard de Montferrand, and the engineer N.A. Beleliubskii, as well as manuscript materials from the Main Administration of Transportation and other state institutions, construction agencies, archives, and libraries. In 1918 the library ceased being only an agency depository.
The library developed considerably during the Soviet period. With the change of the Institute to university status in 1993, the library acquired its present name and status as a scientific university library. Current library holdings (ca. 1,300,000 volumes) comprise literature on civil and electrical engineering, railroad transportation, manufacturing, automation and computer technology, and include dissertations defended at the Institute.
Most of the manuscript holdings—now part of the Fond of Manuscripts and Rare Books—are connected with prominent engineers and architects who were teachers or students of the Institute and who donated their personal documentary collections or writings to the library during their lifetime or by will.
N.B. Considerable documentation from LIIZhT and specialists connected with that Institute is now held by the Central Museum of Railroad Transportation—TsMZhT, which is currently under the administration of the University, as it was after its foundation in the nineteenth century and during parts of the Soviet period.