IISH

Aleksandr Ivanovič Gercen Papers

Period  (1796-) 1834-1887 (-1924)
Total size   0.35 m.
Consultation Not restricted
User restriction   Only microfilms can be consulted

Biography

Full name: Aleksandr Ivanovič Gercen (Herzen); born in Moscow 1812, died in Paris 1870; writer, famous critic of the Russian government; greatly influenced both the government and the political emigrés; gathered a circle of friends around him at Moscow University; their seditious opinions led to his exile; pardoned in 1839, again arrested in 1841; left Russia for Paris in 1847; after suppression of the June Days uprising in 1848 went to Italy; lost his wife in 1852 and, overcome by misfortune, fled to London; his house became a Mecca for political emigrés; founded the Free Russian Press in 1853, which brought out the first antitsarist publications like Poljarnaja Zvezda and Kolokol; supported the Polish rebellion in 1863 which antagonized the Russian public.

Content

Letters to Gercen from several correspondents, including Louis Blanc, Jules Michelet and Giuseppe Mazzini; album, containing drawings, a letter from Tsar Alexander I to Gercen's father, and letters to Gercen from Giuseppe Garibaldi, Victor Hugo, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, Thomas Carlyle and others; letters from Gercen to several correspondents, including his son Alexander A. Herzen and his friend Nikolaj P. Ogarev; notes by Gercen and the manuscript (handwritten) of part V of `Byloe i Dumy'; personal documents of Gercen. Correspondence by Gercen's relatives and by Nikolaj Ogarev; manuscripts (handwritten) of poems, etc., by Ogarev; articles by and on Alexander A. Herzen; printed material.

Alternate Form of Material

Security microfilms 1994 Partly published in: Nicolas Ogarev, lettres inédites à Alexandre Herzen fils. Introduction, traduction et notes par Michel Mervaud. Paris, 1978.

INTRODUCTION

Aleksandr Ivanovič Gercen (Herzen) was born in Moscow in 1812. He died in Paris in 1870. He was a writer and a famous critic of the Russian government. He greatly influenced both the government and the political emigres. He gathered a circle of friends around him at the Moscow University. Their seditious opinions led to his exile. He was pardoned in 1839, then again arrested in 1841. He left Russia for Paris in 1847. After suppression of the June Days uprising in 1848 he went to Italy. He lost his wife in 1852 and, overcome by misfortune, fled to London. His house became a Mecca for political emigres. He founded the free Russian Press in 1853, which brought out the first anti tsarist publications like Poljarnaja Zvezda and Kolokol . He supported the Polish rebellion in 1863 which antagonized the Russian public.

The collection was received in 1938 and contains letters to Gercen from several correspondents, including Louis Blanc , Jules Michelet and Giuseppe Mazzini , an album with drawings, a letter from Tsar Alexander I to Gercen's father, and letters to Gercen from Giuseppe Garibaldi , Victor Hugo , Pierre-Joseph Proudhon , Thomas Carlyle and others, letters from Gercen to several correspondents, including his son Alexander A. Herzen and his friend Nikolai P. Ogarev , notes by Gercen and the manuscript of part V of 'Byloe i Dumy', personal documents of Gercen, correspondence by Gercen's relatives and by Nikolai P. Ogarev , manuscripts of poems by Ogarev , articles by and on Alexander A. Herzen and printed material.

The numbers mentioned in the NB's refer to the printed edition of Gercen's works by M.K. Lemke (Leningrad, 1919-1925).

LIST

1
Letters (123) from Aleksandr I. Gercen (Herzen) to his son Alexander A. Herzen .   26 August 1858-15 May 1865.  1 folder.
NB. Published in the Lemke edition under nos.: 1100, 1107-1108, 1110, 1112, 1121, 1123, 1125, 1127, 1131, 1140, 1145, 1149, 1156-1158, 1175, 1178, 1180, 1184, 1188- 1189, 1193, 1201, 1208, 1210, 1213, 1219, 1221, 1229, 1238, 1242, 1245, 1274, 1279, 1283, 1293, 1299, 1301, 1306, 1311, 1316, 1332-1333, 1343, 1349-1350, 1358, 1361, 1366, 1375, 1381-1383, 1394, 1401, 1409, 1427, 1459, 1463, 1494-1495, 1504-1505, 1507, 1515, 1528, 1538, 1554-1555, 1561, 1577-1578, 1661, 1708, 1765, 1845, 1857-1859, 1861-1862, 1867, 1895, 2153, 2155-2156, 2169, 2254, 2261, 2273, 2287, 2302, 2307, 2328, 2336, 2353, 2359, 2361, 2371, 2373, 2384, 2417, 2422, 2436, 2453, 2456, 2468-2469, 2478, 2480, 2480 bis, 2510, 2516, 2520, 2545-2546, 2573, 2580, 2592, 2597, 2598-2599.
2
Letters (110) from Aleksandr I. Gercen (Herzen) to his son Alexander A. Herzen .   18 May 1865-13 December 1869.  1 folder.
NB. Published in the Lemke edition under nos.: 2600, 2613, 2616, 2631, 2649, 2661, 2669, 2677, 2680, 2715, 2734, 2748, 2753, 2759, 2767, 2770, 2772-2773, 2784, 2786, 2806, 2819, 2824, 2833, 2842-2843, 2866, 2868-2869, 2891, 2908-2909, 2916, 2922, 2924, 2928, 3005, 3040, 3075, 3117, 3125, 3144, 3147, 3164-3165, 3170, 3174, 3180, 3183, 3185, 3192, 3210, 3219, 3222, 3225, 3250-3251, 3261-3263, 3265-3266, 3290, 3311, 3318, 3323, 3333, 3335, 3363, 3367-3368, 3385, 3390, 3397, 3402, 3406 bis, 3421, 3423, 3425, 3446, 3456, 3468, 3474, 3481-3482, 3500, 3507-3508, 3511, 3515, 3518, 3521, 3523, 3525, 3530- 3531, 3535, 3541, 3544, 3549-3551, 3554-3555, 3562, 3573, 3602, 3614, 3617, 3625.
3
Letters (34) from Aleksandr I. Gercen (Herzen) to his son Alexander A. Herzen .   1858-1869 and n.d.  1 folder.
NB. Not published in the Lemke edition.
4-16
Letters from Aleksandr I. Gercen (Herzen) to various persons.   1845, 1851-1853, 1856, 1858-1870.  13 covers.
4
Dolgorukov, P.V. (12 letters). 1860-1865.
NB. Published in the Lemke edition under nos.: 1368, 1392, 1396-1397, 1402, 1413, 1490, 1518, 1526, 1699, 1729, 2596.
5
Czartoryski . (1 letter). 1862.
NB. Published in the Lemke edition under no.: 1855.
6
Kavelin, K.D. (1 letter). 1845.
NB. Published in the Lemke edition under no.: 436.
7
Kel'sievy . (5 letters). 1861, 1863.
NB. Published in the Lemke edition under nos.: 1698, 1997-1998, 2001, 2004.
8
Ogarev, N.P. (59 letters). 1867- 1870.
NB. Published in the Lemke edition under nos.: 3195, 3197, 3280, 3286, 3288, 3292, 3296, 3298-3299, 3302, 3313, 3315 bis, 3316, 3321, 3324, 3332, 3336-3337, 3345-3346, 3348, 3351, 3354, 3357, 3364, 3384, 3387, 3392-3393, 3400, 3410, 3412, 3417, 3441, 3469, 3470, 3488-3489, 3495, 3498, 3502, 3510, 3513, 3519, 3565, 3579, 3585, 3588-3589, 3597-3598, 3600, 3616, 3618 (second part), 3619, 3627-3628, 3631-3633.
9
Ogareva, N.A. (2 letters). 1865- 1866.
NB. Published in the Lemke edition under nos.: 2565, 2764.
10
Orsini, F. (1 letter). 1856.
NB. Published in the Lemke edition under no.: 869.
11
Reichel, M.K. (9 letters). 1852- 1853.
NB. Published in the Lemke edition under nos.: 606, 627, 631, 634, 636, 687, 692, 694, 699.
12
Gercen (Herzen), Natal'ja A. (10 letters) (his wife). 1851.
NB. Published in the Lemke edition under nos.: 503, 505-507, 509, 511, 514, 518-520.
13
Sazonov, N.I. (written together with his wife Natal'ja A. Gercen (Herzen). (1 letter). 1852.
NB. Published in the Lemke edition under no.: 555.
14
Tchorževskij, S. (67 letters). 1860- 1869.
NB. Published in the Lemke edition under nos.: 1529, 1533-1534, 1575-1576, 1580, 1606, 1935, 1963, 2003, 2376, 2378, 2412, 2414, 2418, 2434, 2437, 2440, 2455, 2491, 2544, 2594, 2630, 2660, 2785, 2832, 2889, 2890, 2897, 2912, 2947, 2949, 2954, 2956, 2961-2962, 2992, 3001, 3009, 3122, 3138, 3142, 3150, 3153, 3184, 3186, 3196, 3202, 3228, 3231-3232, 3236, 3317, 3334, 3347, 3356, 3375, 3447, 3449, 3454, 3465, 3472, 3477, 3480, 3612, 3620, 3623.
15
Vogt, C. and Mrs. Vogt (3 letters). 1858-1860.
NB. Published in the Lemke edition under nos.: 1102, 1351. One letter was not published (dated 26 June 1860).
16
Unknown. (2 letters). 1858?, 1866.
NB. Published in the Lemke edition under no.: 2831 (1866). The other letter was not published in Lemke (1858?).
17
Copies of letters (42) from A.I. Gercen to N.P. Ogarev , copied by Nikolaj Herzen .   1868-1869.  1 cover.
NB. Not published in the Lemke edition.
18
Miscellaneous notes.   1861, 1867, 1869 and n.d.  1 cover.
NB. Two notes were published in the Lemke edition nos.: 3036, 3621.
19
Copies by N.A. Ogareva from notes and from 2 letters to her.   1860-1869.  1 cover.
NB. Published in the Lemke edition under nos.: 2886 (letter), 1426, 1830, 2220, 2274, 2285, 2438, 2523, 2776, 2930, 3264 (notes).
20
Photocopies of letters from A.I. Gercen to Grant Duff and a typescript 'Herzen and Grant Duff' by Mrs. Grant-Sokolov , granddaughter of Grant Duff .   1859, 1862.  1 cover.
21
Album, containing letters to Alexander Herzen , drawings, clippings and other documents.   1796, 1812, 1841, 1843, 1849-1858, 1860-1861, 1864.  1 volume.
NB. A photograph of his children and of Alexander Herzen on his death bed were transferred to the audiovisual section of the IISH.
Drawings (4) (page 2, 5, 7, 9). N.d.
Letter from N.V. Gogol' to A.P. Elagina (page 11). N.d.
Document signed by tsar Aleksander I, awarding I.A. Jakovlev the order of St. Anne (page 15). 30 August 1812.
Drawings (2) (page 17, 19). N.d.
Receipt, signed by Arakčeev , for a letter from Napoleon to Alexander I , brought by Jakovlev (page 21). N.d. (1812?)
Letters from Sergej Stroganov to Alexander Herzen (2) (page 23, 25). 1841, 1843.
Drawing of a political caricature (page 27). N.d.
Letter from Miloradovič , Černigov, to Jakovlev ? (page 29). 21 March 1796.
Clippings (4) (page 35, 37). 1861 and n.d.
Letter from Garibaldi to Alexander Herzen (page 38). 13 April 1861.
Letter from Pierre-Joseph Proudhon to Alexander Herzen (page 43). 27 September 1851.
Postcripts (2) (page 43). 1849?, 1851?
Letter to Mme. Louise Haag (page 44). Sender unknown. 15 December 1850.
Letter from James Fazy to Alexander Herzen (page 45). N.d.
Letter from Louis Blanc to Alexander Herzen (page 46). 20 February 1857.
Letter from Victor Hugo to Alexander Herzen (page 47). 19 July 1860.
Manuscript. Author unknown (page 49). 1858.
Letter from Ševčenko indirectly to Alexander Herzen (page 51). N.d.
Letter from Garibaldi to Alexander Herzen (page 58). 23 September 1863.
Letter from I. Kireevskij to Alexander Herzen (page 60). N.d.
Letter from Čaadaev to Alexander Herzen (page 61). N.d.
Letter from Victor Hugo (page 61). 16 May 1864.
Letter from 24 Polish emigrants to Alexander Herzen (page 63). 29 November 1854.
Letter from Niegolewski to Alexander Herzen (page 63). 24 July 1855.
Resolutions of a meeting in Newcastle on Tyne concerning the exile of Victor Hugo (page 64). With accompanying Letter from J. Cowes to Alexander Herzen (page 65). 1855.
Letter from Ledru Rollin to Alexander Herzen (fails). N.d.
Letter from L. Kossuth to Alexander Herzen (page 67). 4 March 1854.
Letter from Mazzini to Alexander Herzen (page 67). N.d.
Letters of Garibaldi to Alexander Herzen (2) (page 68, 69). 1854.
Letter from K. Schurz to Alexander Herzen (page 70). 14 June 1855.
Letter from F. Orsini to Alexander Herzen (page 70). 26 July 1852.
Letter from G. Medici to Alexander Herzen (page 71). 6 November 1852.
Letter from Victor Hugo to Alexander Herzen (page 73). 29 July 1855.
Letter from Victor Hugo to Alexander Herzen (page 73). 15 March 1857.
Letter from Victor Hugo to Alexander Herzen (page 72). 13 April 1858.
Letter from T. Carlyle to Alexander Herzen (page 73). 13 April 1853.
Letter from Ernest Jones to Alexander Herzen (page 74). 10 March 1855.
Letter from C. Ribeyrolle to Alexander Herzen (page 75). 9 February 1856.
Letter from V. Schelcher to Alexander Herzen (page 75). 26 July 1858.
Letter from E. Barthelemy to Alexander Herzen (page 77). 14 March 1854.
Letter from F. Freyligrath to Alexander Herzen (page 78). 9 September 1858.
Letter from Klapka to Alexander Herzen (page 78). 21 September 1858.
Letter from G. Kinkel to Alexander Herzen (page 78). 22 November 1858.
Draft of the contract between Alexander Herzen and Pierre-Joseph Proudhon , signed by Pierre-Joseph Proudhon . 14 August 1849.
Letters from Alexander Herzen to Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (3). 1851, 1855.
NB. Published in the Lemke edition under nos.: 502, 546, 792.
22
Manuscript 'Byloe i Dumy'. Part V. With printed pages.   1852-1860?  1 volume.
23
Documents concerning the naturalisation of Alexander Herzen .   1851.  1 cover, large size.
24-37
Letters from various persons to Alexander Herzen .   1850-1869 and n.d.  14 covers.
24
Acollas, E. (2 letters). N.d.
25
Blanc, Louis . (3 letters). 1857- 1860.
26
Buloz, J. (1 letter). 1866.
27
Engel'son . (2 letters). 1852.
28
Herwegh, Georg . (21 letters). 1850.
29
Michelet, J. (30 letters). 1851-1869.
NB. With a letter to A.A. Herzen .
30
Naquet, A. (1 letter). N.d.
31
Ogarev, N.P. (3 letters). 1860 (?), 1862 and n.d.
NB. Two letters probably to Alexander Herzen .
32
Orsini, F. (1 letter). 1856.
33
Quadrio, M. (4 letters). 1869 and n.d.
34
Quinet, E. (4 letters). 1866, 1869.
35
Saffi, A. (3 letters). 1853, 1855.
36
Thorel, T. (1 letter). 1852.
37
Mazzini. (19 letters). 1850-1869.
38-49
Correspondence and other documents.   1834-1835, 1838, 1850-1853, 1856, 1859 and n.d.  12 covers.
38
Letter from I.A. Jakovlev to A.A. Jakovlev . (1838?) N.d.
39
Statement from Graf Benkendorf to kn. P.M. Volkonskij concerning Herzen 's exile. 16 November 1834.
40
Letters from Karl Staal to I.A. Jakovlev . (3). 1834-1835.
41
Letter from D. Golicyn to I.A. Jakovlev . 3 April 1835.
42
Birth certificate of N.A. Zachar'ina (Natal'ja A. Gercen), given May 5th. 1838, and official request to get it, dated April 1838. 1838.
43
Statement concerning the nomination of L. Richtenberger as Herzen 's mandatory. February 1850.
44
Instruction for Herzen to leave France. April 1850.
45
Permission to remain in Nice from the Ministerio dell' Interno (Turin) . 12 May 1851.
46
Letter from the French consul in Nice to Alexander Herzen concerning his refused visa for France. 23 April 1852.
47
Letter from the Ministère de la Police Générale (Paris) to Baron de Rothschild . 9 January 1853.
48
Letter from the Conseil d'Etat Canton de Fribourg to Alexander Herzen concerning the refusal of his French visa. 16 April 1856.
49
Letter from the French consul-general in London to Alexander Herzen concerning the refusal of his French visa. 24 September 1859.
50
Letters (98) from N.P. Ogarev to A.A. Herzen .   1863-1877 and n.d.  1 folder.
51-52
Letters (10) from N.P. Ogarev to N.A. Herzen and O.A. Monod-Herzen and G. Monod .   1871-1876 and n.d.  2 covers.
51
1871-1876.
52
n.d.
53
Letter from N.P. Ogarev to Neville .   1865?  1 piece.
54
Letters (5) from N.P. Ogarev to N.A. Ogareva .   N.d.  1 cover.
55
Letters (2) from N.P. Ogarev to unknown addressee.   N.d.  1 cover.
56
Letter from N.P. Ogarev to A.A. Herzen .   N.d.  1 piece.
57
Letter from O.A. Herzen to N.P. Ogarev.   N.d.  1 piece.
58
Manuscripts (9) of poems by N.P. Ogarev .   N.d.  1 cover.
59
Manuscript of 'Bedlam, ili den' iz našej žizni (eskiss dlja komedii)' by N.P. Ogarev .   N.d.  1 cover.
60
Receipt for second part of Bachmet'evskij Fond, written and signed by N.P. Ogarev .   N.d.  1 cover.
61-66
Letters from N.A. Ogareva to various persons.   1859-1874, 1878 and n.d.  6 covers.
61
Herzen, A.I. (3 letters). N.d.
62
Ogarev, N.P. (50 letters). 1859- 1873 and n.d.
63
Kel'sieva . (1 letter). N.d.
64
Michel, Mme. (1 letter). N.d.
65
Herzen, N.A. (1 letter). 1878.
66
Unknown. (1 letter). 1874.
67
Letter from A.A. Herzen to N.N. Satina .   1882.  1 piece..
68
Letters from Vispino to Herzen .(3).   1884.  1 cover.
69
Telegram from Meščerskij to Mme Steiger .   1881.  1 piece.
70
Text of a warrant for Meščerskij and Korob'in from Herzen in the affair Satin .   N.d.  1 piece.
71
Letter from Monod to unknown addressee.   1884.  1 piece.
72
Declaration by Carl Vogt .   1884.  1 piece.
73
Letter from A. Satin to A.A. Herzen .   N.d.  1 piece.
74
Letter from M. Satin to A.A. Herzen .   1885.  1 piece.
75
Letters (3) from Korob'in to A.A. Herzen .   1884-1885.  1 cover.
76-78
Letters from Natalie Herzen to various persons.   1919-1920.  3 covers.
76
Bonnard, R. (1 letter). 1920.
77
Legrand, J. (3 letters). 1919-1920.
78
Boucheron, P. (1 letter). 1919.
79-81
Letters from various persons to Natalie Herzen .   1918-1920.  3 covers.
79
Boucheron, P. (1 letter). 1919.
80
Exploits. (2 letters). 1918.
81
Legrand, J. (4 letters). 1919-1920 and n.d.
82
Letters (4) from Hugo Herzen to François Burthe .   1924.  1 cover.
83
Letter from François Burthe to Hugo Herzen .   1924.  1 piece.
84
Letter from N. Herzen to Hugo Herzen .   1924.  1 piece.
85
Letter from Jules Moisy to François Burthe .   1924.  1 piece.
86
Letters (2) from the Département Politique de la Confédération Suisse to Julién Schaller and Ch. Vogt concerning the execution of the testament of Alexander Herzen .   1870-1871.  1 cover.
87
Letter from the Direction de l'Interieur Canton de Fribourg to Julién Schaller concerning the execution of the testament of Alexander Herzen .   1870.  1 piece.
88
Letter from Julién Schaller to the Conseil Fédéral Suisse concerning the execution of the testament of Alexander Herzen .   1870.  1 piece.
89
Letters (3) from Julién Schaller and Ch. Vogt to A.A. Herzen concerning the execution of the testament of Alexander Herzen .   1870.  1 cover.
90
Letter from Tschangion ? to A.A. Herzen .   1872.  1 piece.
91
Declaration from S. Tchorževskij .   N.d.  1 piece.
92
Documents concerning the funeral of Alexander Herzen .   1870.  1 cover, large size..
93
Manuscript of an article on Alexander Herzen by his son A.A. Herzen .   N.d.  1 cover.
94
Clipping of a printed letter from Alexander Herzen to Mme Kouronta in 1839. In Russian.   1906.  1 cover, large size..
95
Pamphlet La voix de Guernesy , poem by Victor Hugo . With autograph dedication to Alexander Herzen .   1867.  1 piece.
96
Copy of the letter from A.A. Herzen to tsar Nicolas II . With a letter from the Délegation Impériale de Russie (Berne) and newspaper clippings of an article and a letter to the editor by A. Herzen .   1898.  1 cover.
97
Typescript and printed articles by and on A.A. Herzen .   1871, 1891, 1906 and n.d.  1 cover.
98
Letter from Mrs.Vl. Herzen to A.A. Herzen .   1887.  1 piece.
99
Letter from T. Passek to A.A. Herzen .   1887.  1 piece.
100
Letter from unknown sender to A.A. Herzen .   1887.  1 piece.
101
Letter from A.A. Herzen to T. Passek .   1887.  1 piece.
102
Letters (14) from M.K. Reichel to A.A. Herzen .   1859, 1871-1875.  1 cover.
103
Other correspondence.   1863 and n.d.  1 cover.
104
Manuscript of a poem by S. Nadson on Herzen 's grave.   N.d.  1 piece.
105
Manuscript of a poem by Makšeeva on Herzen 's grave.   N.d.  1 piece.
106
Manuscript of the obituary on Herzen by J. Michelet .   1870.  1 cover.
107
'La Mazourka'. Printed article by Alexander Herzen . With corrections.   1869.  1 piece.
108
Proofs of the articles 'Les Allemands russes et les Russes allemands', 'La jeune Russie et la vieille Russie' and 'Les fins et les commencements' by Iskander. (202 p.).   1863 and n.d.  1 folder.
109
Newspaper articles on Alexander Herzen .   1851-1852, 1912.  1 cover, large size.
110
Printed letter from Alexander Herzen to 'Monsieur le Ministre de l'Intérieur à Dresde'.   1858.  1 piece.
111
Typed copies of letters to Alexander Herzen (1850- 1873), 'to be published by Berlin'. With typed notes.   N.d.  1 cover.
CONCORDANCE
1a. 1.
1b. 2.
1c. 3.
1d. I. 4.
1d. II. 5.
1d. III. 6.
1d. IV. 7.
1d. V. 8.
1d. VI. 9.
1d. VII. 10.
1d. VIII. 11.
1d. IX. 12.
1d. X. 13.
1d. XI. 14.
1d. XII. 15.
1d. XIII. 16.
1e. 17.
1f. I. 18.
1f. II. 19.
1g. 20.
2a. I-XLVI. 21.
2b. 22.
2c. 23.
2d. I. 24.
2d. II. 25.
2d. III. 26.
2d. IV. 27.
2d. V. 28.
2d. VI. 29.
2d. VII. 30.
2d. VIII. 31.
2d. IX. 32.
2d. X. 33.
2d. XI. 34.
2d. XII. 35.
2d. XIII. 36.
2d. XIV. 37.
2e. I. 38.
2e. II. 39.
2e. III. 40.
2e. IV. 41.
2e. V. 42.
2e. VI. 43.
2e. VII. 44.
2e. VIII. 45.
2e. IX. 46.
2e. X. 47.
2e. XI. 48.
2e. XII. 49.
3a. I. 50-55.
3a. II. 56-57.
3a. III. 58.
3a. IV. 59.
3a. V. 60.
3b. 61-66.
3c. I. 67-75.
3c. II. 76-81.
3c. III. 82-85.
3c. IV. 86-91.
3c. V. 92.
3c. VI. 93-97.
3d. I. 98-101.
3d. II. 102.
3d. III. 103.
3e. 104-106.
3f. I. 107.
3f. II. 108.
3f. III. 109-110.
3g. 111.