Wilhelm Liebknecht Papers

Period  Ca. 1850-1900
Total size   6 microfilms,   0.47 m
Consultation Not restricted


Born in Giessen, Hessen 1826, died in Berlin-Charlottenburg 1900; studied philology, philosophy and theology; political journalist and founder/leader of the German social democracy; took part in the German revolution in 1848/49, was imprisoned during the Baden uprising of 1848, freed and subsequently fought in the 1849 uprising; fled to Geneva after defeat, was active as president of the Deutsche Arbeitervereine in Switzerland and expelled in 1850; went to London and became a follower and family friend of Marx; returned to Germany in 1862, and joined the Allgemeine Deutsche Arbeiterverein (ADAV) in 1863; formed with August Bebel the rival Sozialdemokratische Arbeiterpartei (SDAP) in 1869 and edited its organ Der Volksstaat to 1876 as well as Vorwärts of the united Sozialistische Arbeiterpartei Deutschlands (SAPD) 1876-1878; when the `Sozialistengesetz' expired in 1890, the paper reappeared as a central organ of the Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (SPD) with Liebknecht as chief editor until his death; Liebknecht was a member of the Reichstag 1867-1871, 1874-1887, 1888-1900 and almost continuously one of the chairmen of the socialist delegation.


Microfilms and photocopies: correspondence with Wilhelm Blos 1873-1894, Wilhelm Bock 1892-1900, Carl Demmler 1873-1884, Heinrich Dietz 1883-1900, Joseph Dietzgen 1870-1885, August Geib 1869-1879, Herman Greulich 1874-1900, Carl Grillenberger 1875-1897, Hermann Grimpe 1879-1899, Wilhelm Hasenclever 1874-1887, Gustav Heinisch 1890-1898, Sigfrid Meyer 1865-1866, Carl Oertel 1891-1899, Paul Singer 1880-1900, Paul Stumpf 1866-1877 and others, of which a part has been published in Wilhelm Liebknecht, Briefwechsel mit deutschen Sozialdemokraten . Band 1. 1862-1878 . Hrsg. und bearbeitet von Georg Eckert. Assen, 1973; Band 2. 1878-1884 . Hrsg. von Götz Langkau unter Mitwirkung von Ursula Balzer und Jan Gielkens. Frankfurt/M. [etc.], 1988.


A first inventory (of the photocopies only) was made in the 1970s and has been updated and edited by Ursula Balzer in 2008; the photocopies are prints from the microfilms, but they were not completely printed on paper. The old name of this collection in the IISH was "Liebknecht Addenda".

Processing information

Inventory made by Ursula Balzer in 2008

Location of originals

Originals at the Stiftung Archiv der Parteien und Massenorganisationen der DDR im Bundesarchiv (SAPMO-BArch), Berlin (former IML-Berlin)