IISH

Max Nacht Papers

Period  1892-1973
Total size   0.6 m.
Consultation Not restricted

Biography

Max Nacht: also named Max Nomad; born in Buczacz, Eastern Galicia, Austria-Hungary 1881, died in New York 1973; anarchist, later socialist writer; from 1902 on contributed widely to anarchist periodicals, e.g. Neues Leben; co-editor of the Polish anarcho-syndicalist monthly Wolny Swiat in 1904; fled arrest in August 1904 and went to Zurich, where he became an editor of Der Weckruf; abandoned anarchism in 1906 to become a member of Jan Machajski's group in Geneva; active in the Polish-Russian underground 1908-1909; went to the USA in 1913, where he changed his name into Max Nomad; in New York and Washington editor of pro-Soviet bulletins and translator for the Soviet Information Bureau 1921-1929; contributed to historical, sociological and political journals in Europe and the USA; lecturer in politics and history at the New York University and the New School for Social Research from 1945; among his publications are Rebels and Renegades 1932, Apostles of Revolution 1939 and his reminiscences Dreamers, Dynamiters and Demagogues 1964. Siegfried Nacht: also named Stephen Naft; born Vienna 1878, died in Flushing, Queens, New York 1956; anarchist and journalist; propagandist for anarcho-syndicalism; delegate for Eastern Galicia to the International Socialist Congress in Paris 1900; published widely in the anarchist press from 1901 on, mostly under the pen name of Arnold Roller, e.g. in Freiheit , Neues Leben , Der Anarchist , Der Freie Arbeiter ; went to Spain in 1903, befriended Anselmo Lorenzo, Juan Montseny and Francisco Ferrer; delegate to the International Antimilitarist Congress in Amsterdam in 1904; edited with Pedro Vallina L'Espagne Inquisitoriale 1904; for a while active in Bohemia where he edited Der Generalstreik ; with his brother Max editor of Der Weckruf (Zurich) 1905-1906; expelled from Switzerland, lived in several European countries; emigrated to the USA in 1912, changed his name into Stephen Naft and was naturalized in 1920; journalist for the New Yorker Volkszeitung in the early 1920s; Latin America editor of Tass 1925-1933; editor of the French news agency Havas in New York 1934-1935; worked for the US coordinator of Inter-American Affairs in the Second World War.

Content

Max Nacht papers: published and unpublished articles (partly typescripts) of Max Nacht on various subjects including the political situation in the thirties in America, Austria, India, Japan, Poland, Russia and Spain; on antimilitarism, anti-Semitism, communism, fascism, Nazism and socialism; documents on Waclaw Machajski; files concerning anarchists from all over the world, collected by Max Nacht; Siegfried Nacht papers: letters received from Vicente Blasco Ibañez 1908, Luigi Fabbri 1908, Augustin Hamon 1908, Harry Kelly 1932, R. Lange 1905, Charles Malato 1906-1907, Max Nettlau 1907-1935 and n.d., Hermynia Zur Mühlen 1929, Rudolf Rocker 1943-1944, 1950, 1952 and others; files on various persons and subjects collected by Siegfried Nacht including Michail Bakunin, Gustav Landauer, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon and Georges Sorel; on American, British and Russian anarchists and the Spanish Civil War; biographical notes concerning Max and Siegfried Nacht; correspondence with the International Institute of Social History (IISH); press clippings, pamphlets and printed material.

Processing information

Inventory made by Tiny de Boer in 2005

Secondary creator
Nacht, Siegfried

INVENTORY


MAX NACHT (MAX NOMAD)


GENERAL

1-15
Correspondence.   1926-1927, 1933-1935, 1939-1940, 1946, 1958, 1960-1961, 1965, 1967-1970 and n.d.  16 covers.
1
Abbott, Leonard D . 1940.
2
Appleton, Richard ( The Pluralist. A Journal of Social and Literary Criticism ). 1965.
3
Avrich, Paul . Photocopies. 1967-1969 and n.d.
4
Baker, A.J . ( University of Waikato, New Zealand ). 1968.
5
Jong, Rudolf de . Partly photocopies. 1968-1970.
6
Kelly, Harry . 1939.
7
Little, Brown & Company . 1939.
8
Mayer, Henry ( University of Sydney ). 1960-1961.
9
Molnar, George ( University of Sydney ). 1960-1961.
9A
Nettlau, Max 1926-1927.
10
New York Times . 1969.
11
Olay, Maximilian . 1933, 1935 and n.d.
12
Rocker, Rudolf . 1946.
13
Schmu, Ma . 1968-1969.
14
Souchy, Augustin . 1934-1935.
15
Spivak, Joseph . 1958.

PUBLIC LIFE


Authorship
16
Correspondence concerning his book Political Heretics .   1964-1966.  1 cover.
17-29
File on Waclaw Machajski .   1892, 1903-1905, 1907-1908, 1911-1912, 1917, 1925-1926, 1928, 1932-1934, 1938, 1948, 1957, 1959-1962, 1965, 1967 and n.d.  13 covers.
17
Typescripts of articles by Machajski . With annexes. Probably translated by Nacht . Originally published in 1904-1906, 1918. N.d.
18
Untitled manuscript by Machajski . In Russian. Unpublished. Photocopy. 1911.
19
Draft of an unpublished manuscript by Machajski . In Russian. N.d.
20
Untitled manuscript by Nacht on the popularization of Machajski's views. In Polish. 1908.
21
Typescripts of articles by Nacht on Machajski . Partly used as chapters in his books. N.d.
22
Typescript and manuscripts by Rosa Levin ( Vera Makhayskaya ), wife of Machajski on his life and views. N.d.
23
Printed articles of Machajski . 1905, 1938.
24
Printed articles and other writings on Machajski by Nacht and others. 1907, 1912, 1926, 1932-1934, 1938, 1948, 1959-1960, 1967 and n.d.
25
Carbon copies of letters from Nacht to Henry Mayer on Machajski . 1961.
26
Correspondence with Stanislav Pigon on Machajski and Zeromski . With printed articles from Pigon . 1961-1962, 1965.
27
Clippings on Machajski . 1903, 1911, 1926, 1932, 1938, 1957 and n.d.
28
'Data about Machajski 's life'. Handwritten list. In Russian. N.d.
29
Miscellaneous documents relating to Machajski . 1892, 1904, 1907, 1917, 1925-1926, 1928, 1932 and n.d.
30
'Sergey Nechayev'. Unabridged version of the Nechayev chapter of Max Nacht 's Apostles of Revolution . Typescript.   1933.  1 cover.
31-33
'Anarcho-Realism: Reflections at Ninety'. Typescript and manuscript. Photocopies.   1972 and n.d.  3 folders.
31
Typescript. 1972.
32-33
Manuscript. N.d.
34
Typescripts of articles. Partly photocopies. With some annexes.   1968-1971 and n.d.  1 folder.
35-43
Printed articles on various themes. With notes.   c. 1916-1967.  9 covers.
35
Anarchists and anarchism. 1932-1934, 1936, 1939, 1945, 1953-1954, 1961-1962.
36
Anti-Semitism. 1936, 1940, 1951-1952, 1960?, 1964.
37
Contemporary history. 1916, 1920, 1933, 1935-1936, 1939, 1943-1944, 1951-1952, 1954.
38
Fascism and communism. 1936, 1938, 1940-1941, 1945.
39
Fascism and nazism. 1933, 1935-1936, 1938-1939, 1943, 1947, 1951.
40
Marx, Marx and Bakunin. 1933, 1936.
41
Political theories. 1935-1936, 1940-1941, 1950-1951.
42
Russia. 1933, 1940-1941, 1944, 1952-1953, 1955, 1957.
43
Socialist ideology. 1934, 1936-1937, 1951, 1959.
44-45
Other printed articles.   1915, 1933, 1935-1936, 1938-1940, 1942, 1945, 1948, 1950, 1963, 1965-1967.  2 folders.
44
1915, 1933.
45
1935-1936, 1939-1940, 1942, 1945, 1948, 1950, 1963, 1965-1967.
46
Printed articles on Nacht 's publications.   1936, 1959.  1 cover.

DOCUMENTATION


Persons
47-51
Documentation concerning persons.   c. 1905-1956.  4 covers.
47
Bakunin, Michael . 1926, 1934, 1936, 1938 and n.d.
48
Goldman, Emma . 1915-1916, 1925, 1931, 1934-1935, 1939-1940 and n.d.
49
Kropotkin, Peter . 1905, 1907, 1909, 1914, 1917-1918, 1921, 1925, 1927, 1931, 1934-1937, 1939, 1943, 1948 and n.d.
50
Malatesta, Errico . 1907, 1920-1922, 1924-1925, 1932, 1934, 1944, 1946, 1952 and n.d.
51
Proudhon, Pierre J . 1945, 1948, 1955-1956 and n.d.
52-55
Other documentation concerning persons.   c. 1892-1967.  4 folders.
52
A-C.
53
D-G.
54
H-M.
55
N-Z.
56
Copy of Broadsheet . Published by Sydney Libertarians , containing an obituary on Max Nacht by A.J. Baker , Nacht's 'Autobiographical Sketch' , 'Max Nomad's Views Summed Up' and other publications.   1973.  1 cover.

Subjects
57-60
Documentation on anarchism.   c. 1907-1966.  4 covers.
57
American anarchism. 1908, 1914-1916, 1930, 1932, 1936, 1958, 1964 and n.d.
58
British anarchism. 1907?, 1926-1927, 1935, 1937, 1947, 1963.
59
Russian anarchism. 1931, 1935, 1937, 1940, 1945, 1948-1949 and n.d.
60
Anarchism miscellaneous. 1931, 1934-1936, 1938, 1946-1948, 1966.
61
Documentation on the International Working Men's Association (IWMA) .   1925, 1935, 1938-1939.  1 cover.
62
Documentation on the Spanish Civil War.   1931, 1935, 1937, 1946-1947, 1949 and n.d.  1 cover.
63
Documentation on syndicalism.   1910-1912, 1919, 1921-1922, 1931, 1934-1937, 1939-1942, 1944, 1947 and n.d.  1 cover.
64
Other documentation.   1933, 1935-1937, 1954, 1959-1960, 1966, 1968 and n.d.  1 cover.

SIEGFRIED NACHT (STEPHEN NAFT)


GENERAL

65-84
Correspondence.   1905-1908, 1910, 1913, 1920-1935, 1939, 1943-1944, 1948, 1950-1953 and n.d.  3 folders and 20 covers.
65
Agresti-Rossetti, Olivia . 1922(?).
66
Blasco Ibañez, Vicento . 1908.
67
Colbach de Vallina, Josephine . 1939.
68
Fabbri, Luigi . 1908.
69
Grandjouan . 1910.
70
Grave, Jean . 1913.
70A
Gross, Jacques. 1921.
71
Hamon, Augustin . 1908.
72
Janvion, Emile . With annexes. 1910 and n.d.
73
Kelly, Harry . 1932.
74
Krayevsky . With annexes. 1926.
75
Lange, R . Anarchist (Berlin) ). 1905.
76
Malato, Charles . 1906-1907.
77
Mir y Mir, Juan . With notes. 1908.
78
Murrinson . 1926.
79
The Nation (New York) . 1936.
NB. Copy of a lettter by S.Naft, Max Nomad and Carlo Tresca .
80A
Nettlau, Max . 1907, 1920-1922.
80B
Nettlau, Max. With letters to Ada Müller , partner of S.Nacht (1925, 1929). 1923-1929.
80C
Nettlau, Max. With letters to Ada Müller . (1933, n.d). 1930-1935.
81
Neuman, Stanislav . 1906 (?).
82
Rocker, Rudolf . 1943-1944, 1948, 1950-1953.
83
Rubiner, Ludwig . With notes by Max Nacht . 1908 and n.d.
84
Zur Mühlen, Hermynia . 1929.

PERSONAL

85
Certificate from the Grand Casino in St. Malo where he was employed.   1902.  1 piece.
86
Curriculum vitae. In English and German. Carbon copies.   N.d.  1 cover.

PUBLIC LIFE

87-88
Printed articles by Siegfried Nacht .   1904, 1907, 1929, 1936-1937, 1943, 1945 and n.d.  1 folder and 1 cover.
87
1904, 1907. (folder)
88
1929, 1936-1937, 1943, 1945 and n.d.
89
File on Pierre Ramus and his accusations against Siegfried Nacht .   1908, 1921, 1927-1928, 1931-1932, 1935 and n.d.  1 cover.

DOCUMENTATION

90
Printed articles on Siegfried Nacht .   1925-1926, 1936, 1957.  1 cover.
91
'Translation of the obituary on Fabius Nacht , father of Siegfried and Max Nacht . Typescript. Published in Tydzien Robotnika (Warsaw, Lemberg Edition) no. 6 February 6, 1938.   N.d.  1 cover.

ANNEX

92
Letter from Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis aan 'Werthe Kameraden' concerning S. Cohn .   1909.  1 piece.
93
Letter from Siegfried Nacht to Kapper .   1909.  1 cover.
94
Letter from Siegfried Nacht to his father Fabius Nacht . With notes by Max Nacht .   1904 and n.d.  1 cover.

Full table of contents