IISH

Partai Komunis Indonesia Collection

Period  1923-1963, n.d
Total size   0.08 m.
Consultation Not restricted

Biography

Founded in 1920 in Semarang, Dutch East Indies, as successor of the Indische Sociaal-Democratische Vereeniging (ISDV); initially named Perserikatan Komunis di Hindia (Communist Association of the Indies); the PKI was the first Asian communist party and a section of the COMINTERN; outlawed by the Dutch East Indies government because of its activities during uprisings in Banten and Western Sumatra, the PKI had to go underground in 1927; reestablished after the Japanese capitulation in 1945; took part in the struggle for national independence; merged with the left wing of the Partai Socialis Indonesia (PSI) in 1948; after supporting the peasant revolt of Madiun 1948, the PKI was suppressed by the government of the Republik Indonesia for a short time; in the 1950s the PKI committed itself to a nationalist position under the leadership of Dipa Nusantara Aidit, supporting the anti-colonialist and anti-western policy of the Indonesian president Sukarno; with a growing popular support and a membership of about 3 million by 1965, the PKI was the strongest communist party outside the Soviet Union and China; because of its alleged involvement in the failed coup d'état of 1965, which was followed by a takeover of the army under the command of general Suharto, members and (supposed) supporters of the PKI were massacred or imprisoned in great numbers; the party was officially banned in 1966.

Content

Collection of stencilled documents consisting of a statement of principles of the PKI added to its articles of association and its rules 1924; a manifesto n.d.; a programme for municipal policy n.d.; the text of an analysis of the Indonesian revolution 1947; resolutions and reports by D.N. Aidit, M.H. Lukman and others to Plenums of the Central Committee of the PKI 1958-1959 and to its 7th congress in 1963; texts of other speeches by Aidit 1962, n.d.; other documents 1923-1955, 1961-1962, n.d.