IISH

Poncke Princen Papers

Period  1940-2002 (-2003)
Total size   5.37 m.
Consultation Not restricted

Biography

Full name: Johannes Cornelis Princen ( Jan , although better known as Poncke ); born in The Hague, the Netherlands 1925, died Jakarta 2002; educated at the Roman Catholic preparatory seminary in Weert 1939-1943; caught by the Germans when he attempted to escape his occupied country 1943; joined the Dutch shock troops immediately after the liberation in 1944; sent to Indonesia as a conscript, where the Dutch tried to restore their colonial rule 1946; deserted to the Indonesian army 1948; worked at the Indonesian Immigration Office 1950-1953; member of the Indonesian national parliament 1956; arrested and imprisoned twice because of his critical attitude towards the Sukarno government 1957-1958, 1962-1966; director of the Lembaga Pembela Hak-Hak Azasi Manusia (LPHAM) , ( Indonesian Institute for the Defence of Human Rights ) in Jakarta from 1966; correspondent for Dutch media 1966-1970; after anti-Japanese demonstrations (the Malari Affair) again arrested and imprisoned 1974-1976; after his release, involved in the defence of opponents to the Suharto regime and in the support of the people of Aceh and East Timor.

Content

Correspondence with Kees Princen 1989-1996 and other family members 1944-1973; diary 1947; personal documents 1961, 1963, 1990s; letters and other documents on his 70th birthday 1995; biographical documents, including reports and notes 1987-1992; files on his support of the opposition in East Timor 1982-1993; on the activities of the LPHAM 1987-1990; on his trade union activities, including correspondence with the ILO 1990-1995; on politics and political parties in Indonesia 1991-1996 and files concerning Indonesian political prisoners and ex-tapols 1993; on the death of Poncke Princen 2002.

Arrangement

Part of his papers (0.25 m) were received by the IISH in 1997 from his brother Kees Princen , who also gave his own papers including his correspondence with Poncke Princen . In 1998 the IISH received the main part of the papers from Princen.

Processing information

Inventory by Tiny de Boer in 2009.

INTRODUCTION

Johannes Cornelis Princen (November 21, 1925, The Hague - February 22, 2002, Jakarta), better known as Poncke Princen . The name Poncke dates from his time in German captivity. He then encouraged his fellow prisoners by reading them from the book Pastoor Poncke from the author Jan H. Eekhout , a regional novel with as main character a social and an against corruption struggling priest. Jan Princen received this nick name from his fellow prisoners, considering it as a name of honour. He went to the seminary of the Fathers of the Holy Spirit in Weert just as his brother Kees . He deserted in 1948 as service requirement soldier from the Dutch army during the so-called police actions and chose the side of the Indonesians. He converted to Islam in the 1950s. Princen became a prominent human rights activist in Indonesia and remained highly controversial in the Netherlands due to his desertion. His brother Kees Princen defended his interests in the Netherlands, as can be seen in the very extensive correspondence between the two brothers. See also Kees Princen 's papers at the IISH and Poncke Princen 's lifestory drawn by Joyce van Fenema : Poncke Princen. Een kwestie van kiezen . Part of his papers (0.25 m) were received by the IISH in 1997 from his brother Kees Princen , who also gave his own papers including his correspondence with Poncke Princen . In 1998 the IISH received the main part of the papers from Princen.

INVENTORY


General

1
Diary. With poems, lists of authors and notes on read books, history and peoples of the Dutch East Indies.   1946-1948 and n.d.  1 volume.
NB. In poor condition.
2-16
Correspondence. Alphabetically arranged.   1940, 1944, 1948-1949, 1951, 1956-1958, 1962-1966, 1971-1973, 1976, 1980-1981, 1988-1996 and n.d.  1 box, 4 folders and 10 covers.
2
Beukering, Henk . 1990, 1992-1993.
3
Hendrix, Wim J. 1973, 1980.
4
Hulst, Wiecher A. 1989-1990, 1993-1994, 1996 and n.d.
5
Marckmann, Iwan H. 1988-1989, 1992-1995 and n.d.
NB. Son.
6
Marckmann, Elizabeth (Liesbeth) . 1989-1990.
NB. Stepdaughter.
7
Marckmann, Nicholas H. (Nico) . 1988-1992, 1996.
NB. Son.
8
Marckmann, Ratnawati H.E. (Ratna) . 1989-1994 and n.d.
NB. Daughter.
9
Nol, Els . 1990, 1993-1995.
10
Princen, Annemarie . 1989-1995 and n.d.  (folder).
NB. Sister.
11
Princen, Germaine . 1989, 1994-1995 and n.d.
NB. Daughter of Kees Princen .
12
Princen, Marcelle . 1989.
NB. Daughter of Kees Princen .
13-15
Princen, Kees (and family). Partly photocopies. 1951, 1957-1958, 1963, 1987-1996 and n.d.
N.B. Brother.
13
1951, 1957-1958, 1963, 1987-1988.  (folder).
14
1989.  (folder).
15
1990-1996 and n.d..  (box).
16
Princen-Van der Lee, Theresia M.A. 1940, 1944, 1948-1949, 1956, 1962, 1964-1966, 1971-1973, 1976 and n.d.  (folder).
NB. Mother.
17-22
Received letters. Chronologically arranged.   1973, 1975, 1980-1981, 1988-1996 and n.d.  3 boxes and 3 folders.
NB. See also LPHAM correspondence.
17
1973, 1975, 1980-1981, 1988-1989.
18
1990-1991.
19
1992-1993.
20
1994.  (box).
21
1995.  (box).
22
1995-1996 and n.d.  (box).
23
Carbon copies and photocopies of outgoing letters.   1971, 1989-1991, 1993-1996 and n.d.  1 folder.

Personal documents

24
Identity- and other family papers.   c. 1962-1993.  1 folder.
25
Biographical data.   1992, 1994-1995 and n.d.  1 cover.
26
Documents concerning financial support from the ' Comité Vrienden van Poncke Princen ' for medical operations.   1993.  1 cover.
27
Receipts and appointment cards concerning medical treatment.   1993.  1 cover.
28
Documents concerning his visa applications and family visit to the Netherlands.   1993-1995.  1 cover.
29
Documents concerning his 70th birthday.   1995.  1 folder.
30
Documents concerning a discussion with his brother Kees .   1995.  1 cover.
31
Documents concerning his illness and death.   2001-2002.  1 folder.

Writings and publications


Typescripts by Princen

32
Typescripts and manuscripts of poems by Princen . In Dutch, English and Indonesian.   [1947], 1974, 1988-1990, 1992, 1994-1996 and n.d.  1 folder.
33
Poems, impressies in Indonesia by Poncke Princen. Loose-leaf printed poems.   1990.  1 cover.
34
Typescripts of poems by several poets. Translated by Princen into Indonesian and English.   1992, 1994 and n.d.  1 cover.
35
Typescripts of speeches.   1988, 1992, 1994-1995 and n.d.  1 cover.
36
Typescripts of parts of his autobiography.   1995.  1 omslag.
37
Other typescripts.   N.d.  1 cover.

Files

38
Documents concerning the summary proceedings of publisher Jan Mets against Princen and others regarding the writing of a biography on Princen.   1995.  1 cover.
39
Documents concerning the launch of the book Poncke Princen. Kemerdekaan Memilih (Choose Liberty) (as noted) by Joyce van Fenema .   1996.  1 cover.

Works on Princen

40-41
Typescripts of biographies on Princen by Hanna Rambe , Peter Schumacher and Joyce van Fenema . Photocopies. With corrections by Princen and authors (?). In Indonesian.   1989, 1995 and n.d.  2 folders.
40
Rambe, Hanna and Peter Schumacher . 1989.
41
Fenema, Joyce van . 1995.
42
Typescript of a novel on Princen . Author unknown. In Indonesian.   N.d.  1 folder.
43-44
Essays, articles, a speech and other typed documents on Princen .   1991, 1994-1996 and n.d.  2 folders.
43
1991, 1994.
44
1995-1996 and n.d

LPHAM


Correspondence

45-46
Received letters.   1993-1996.  1 box and 1 folder.
N.B. See also general correspondence.
45
1993-1996.  (box).
46
1996.
47-51
Photocopies of outgoing letters.   1988-1996 and n.d.  2 boxes and 3 folders.
47
1988.
48-49
1989.
50
1990-1994.  (box).
51
1994-1996 and n.d.  (box).
52
Returned letters.   1994.  1 cover.
53-54
Received faxes.   1989-1996 and n.d.  2 folders.
NB. Mainly reduced legible.
53
1989-1992.
54
1993-1996 and n.d.
55
Registers of sent faxes.   1994-1995.  1 cover.
56
Fax forms.   1994-1995.  1 folder.

Files

57-76
Files on cases.   1975, 1980-1996 and n.d.  6 boxes, 4 folders and 9 covers.
57
Asongan traders.   1989-1990.  (folder).
58
Bina desa.   1994.
59
Cimacan.   1989-1990.
60-62
Defence cases.   1980-1981, 1986, 1988-1990 and n.d.
60
1980-1981, 1986, 1988-1989.  (folder).
61
1989.  (folder).
62
1990 and n.d.
63-65
East Timor.   1975, 1982-1983, 1986-1996 and n.d.
63
1975, 1982-1983, 1986-1990.  (box).
64
1990-1993.  (box).
65
1994-1996 and n.d.  (box).
66-68
Human rights cases. Alphabetically arranged.   1990-1996 and n.d.
66
A-H.  (box).
67
I-P.  (box).
68
R-W.  (box).
69
Kasikan incident (Sumatra).   1994.
70
Kacapiring cases. 1989.
71
Kedung Ombo dam. 1988-1989.  (folder).
72
Lampung (Sumatra). 1989, 1991.
73
Marsinah murder case.   1993.
74
Muria nuclear electricity plant.   1993.
75
Nipah-Sampang. 1993.
76
Skephi.   1989.
77-132
Files on organisations.   1972, 1980-1996 and n.d.  5 boxes, 10 folders and 40 covers.
77-78
Bank Rakyat Indonesia , Bima.   1991, 1993-1994 and n.d.
77
1991, 1993.  (folder).
78
1993-1994 and n.d.  (folder).
79
Center for Information and Development Studies .   1994 and n.d.
80
Council of Representatives of the People, Faction of Development ( Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Republik Indonesia) (DPR-RI), (Fraksi Karya Pembangunan) .   1989-1990.
81
Defence Committee of Labour Activists ( Komitee Pembelaan Aktivis Buruh PT GRI ).   1995.
82
Establishment LPHAM Surabaya .   1994.
83
Foundation Bhakti Karimun . 1996.
84
Foundation Pijar . 1993-1994.
85
Foundation Timber's . 1993 and n.d.
86
Foundation Wippajaya . N.d.
87
Foundation Wira Gama . 1993.
88
Free Papua Movement ( Organisasi Papua Merdeka) (OPM) . 1996.
89
Free Trade Union 'Faithful Friends' ( Serikat Buruh Merdeka Solidaritas 'Setia Kawan') ( SBMS) . 1988, 1990-1995 and n.d.  (box).
90
Free Trade Union for Transportation ( Serikat Buruh Bebas Transportasi ). 1991-1994.
91
Friend of the Earth Indonesia ( Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia, (WALHI ). 1994-1995.
92
Independent Journalist Forum ( Anggota Aliansi Jurnalis Independen) (AJI) .   1995.
93
Indonesian Association for Social Justice ( Perkumpulan Indonesia untuk Keadilan Sosial ). 1992-1993.
94
Indonesian Bar Association ( Ikatan Advokat Indonesia) (IKADIN) . 1987, c. 1995.
95
Indonesian Community for Democracy and Humanity ( Masyarakat Indonesia untuk Demokrasi & Kemanusiaan) (MIDKA) . 1994.
96
Indonesian League for the Restoration of Democracy ( Liga Pemulihan Demokrasi ). 1991.
97-100
Indonesian Legal Aid Foundation ( Yayasan Lembaga Bantuan Hukum Indonesia) (YLBHI) . 1989, 1991-1996 and n.d.
97
1989, 1991-1992.  (folder).
98
1992-1995.  (box).
99
1995-1996.  (box).
100
1996 and n.d.  (box).
101
International Labour Organisation (ILO) .   1991-1993.
102
International League for the Rights and Liberation of Peoples . 1993, 1995.
103
International NGO Forum on Indonesia (INGI) . 1988-1989, 1992 and n.d.  (folder).
104
International Pen Writers in Prison Committee . 1993.
105
Law Office Mulya & Associates .   1977.
106
Lawyers Committee for Human Rights . 1993-1994, 1996.
107
Legiun Veteran Republik Indonesia . 1993.
108
Majelis Penyelamat Kedaulatan Rakyat (MPKR) . 1995.
109
Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat Republik Indonesia . 1992, 1995-1996.
110
Movement of the People of Marhaen ( Gerakan Rakyat Marhaen) (GRM) .   1994.
111
Outline Policy ( Garis-Garis Besar Haluan Negara) (GBHN) .   1980, 1990-1991, 1993 and n.d.  (folder).
112
Pancasila University (discussion). 1988.
113
Partai Uni Demokrasi Indonesia (PDI) . 1996.
114
People's Solidarity Committee against Violence ( Komite Solidaritas Rakyat Anti Kekerasan ). 1993.
115
People's Democracy Alliance ( Aliansi Demokrasi Rakyat) (ALDERA) . 1993-1994.
116-117
Petition 50 (Working Group) ( Kelompok Kerja Petisi 50/Pernyataan Keprihatinan ).   1972, 1980-1981, 1984, 1986-1996 and n.d.
116
1972, 1980-1981, 1984, 1986-1995.  (box).
117
1996 and n.d.  (folder).
118-119
Protection of the Rights of Political People ( Badan Perlindungan Hak-Hak Politik Rakyat) (BPHPR) .   1991-1997 and n.d.
118
1991-1992.  (folder).
119
1993-1997 and n.d.  (folder).
120
Serikat Buruh Sejahtera Indonesia (SBSI) . 1992-1994, 1996.  (folder).
121
Serikat Pekerja Seluruh Indonesia (SPSI) . 1994.
122
Student Action Front ( Front Aksi Mahasiswa ).   1993-1994.
123
Student Press at the National University ( Lembaga Pers Mahasiswa Universitas Nasional) (LPM-UNAS) (discussions on human rights).   1988 and n.d.
124
Students Committee for the Decrease of Electricity Rates ( Komitee Mahasiswa Penurunan Tarif Listrik) (KMPTL) .   1989.
125
Tempo , Newsweekly. 1994-1995 and n.d.
126
Third World Network in Indonesia ( Indonesia Jaringan Dunia Ketiga ) (discussion). 1988-1989.
127
Ties that Support the Independence of Indonesia ( Ikatan Pendukung Kemerdekaan Indonesia) (IP-KI) . 1993-1994, 1996.
128-129
United Nations . 1991, 1993-1996.
128
1991, 1993-1994.
129
1994-1996.  (folder).
130
Women Solidarity for Human Rights ( Solidaritas Perempuan ).   1996 and n.d.
131
Yayasan Lembaga Konsumen Indonesia (YLKI) . N.d.
132
Yayasan Panca Bina Insani Indonesia (YAPABIN) . 1993.
133-134
Files on persons. Alphabetically arranged.   1977-1981, 1983-1985, 1987-1996.  2 boxes.
133
A-P.
134
P-Y.
135-169
Files on subjects.   1940, 1966, 1971, 1978, 1984, 1987-1995 and n.d.  1 box, 8 folders and 26 covers.
135
Baha'i religion.   1992-1993.
136
Balinese students. 1990, 1994.
137
China.   1989.
138-139
Elections.   1992.  (2 folders).
140
Environmental disputes (discussions) (Diskusi Dua Hari). 1989.
141
German parliamentary delegation.   1989.
142
Harta Karun (Treasure Trove). 1994.
143
Human rights in Indonesia.   1966, 1987-1994 and n.d.  (box).
144
International Human Rights Day.   1987.
145
Inter-religious dialogue.   1992-1994 and n.d.
146
Irian Jaya. 1995-1996 and n.d.
147
Langaran book circulation.   1989.
148
Modern constitutionalism.   1989.
149
Oil.   1940, 1971.
150
Photography in Indonesia.   N.d.
151
Political crimes. 1987-1988.
152-153
Political prisoners, including lists. 1984, 1989-1990, 1994 and n.d.
152
1984, 1989-1990.  (folder).
153
1989-1990, 1994 and n.d.  (folder).
154
Political prisoners (ex-tapols). 1993, 1995.
155
Politics. 1967, 1988-1989 and n.d.
156
Press releases. 1989-1990.
157
Primadosa (book). 1993-1994.  (folder).
158
Prisoners of PBB. 1989.
159
Proposal maintenance human rights on West Java. 1988-1989.
160
Religious justice.   1989.  (cover).
161
Students.   N.d.
162-164
Student demonstrations at the Institut Teknologi (ITB) in Bandung. 1978, 1989-1990.
162
1978, 1989  (folder).
163
1989.  (folder).
164
1989-1990.  (cover).
165
Student papers. 1989.
166
Student statements.   1988-1989.  (folder).
167
Suharto regime (demonstrations).   1993-1994.
168
USA (on human rights reports).   1993-1994.
169
Yap Thiam Hien award. 1992, 1994-1995 and n.d.

Other documents

170
Financial documents.   1989-1991, 1993-1994.  1 cover.
171
Overview of the development and activities of LPHAM (1988-1990).   1990.  1 volume.
172
Typescripts of reports by Princen .   1990-1992.  1 cover.
173
Lists of names and addresses.   c. 1994-1995 and n.d.  1 cover.
174
Documents concerning the activities of LPHAM relating to 50 years of the Republic Indonesia.   1995.  1 cover.
175
Lists of the files.   N.d.  1 cover.
176
Other documents.   1953, 1966, 1984, 1988-1991, 1993-1996 and n.d.  1 folder.

Other activities

177-179
Documents concerning (attended) meetings, congresses, seminars and symposia.   1989-1990, 1992-1995 and n.d.  1 box and 2 folders.
177
1989-1990.  (folder).
178
1992.  (folder).
179
1993-1995 and n.d.  (box).
180
Typed lists with questions for interviews with Princen .   1990 and n.d.  1 cover.
181
Documents concerning a given training on free press.   1995.  1 cover.

DOCUMENTATION


Poncke Princen

182-184
Printed articles and newspaper clippings on Princen .   1949, 1956, 1969, 1975, 1986, 1988-1996, 1998 and n.d.  3 folders.
182
1949, 1956, 1969, 1975, 1986, 1988-1993.
183
1993-1994.
184
1995-1996, 1998 and n.d.
185
Text of the debate on Princen in Dutch Parliament. Photocopy.   1993.  1 cover.
186
Clippings of cartoons concerning Princen and the colonial inheritance. Partly photocopies.   1994-1995 and n.d.  1 cover.
187
Clipping and leaflet concerning a theatre performance relating to Princen .   2003.  1 cover.
188
Printed articles by Princen .   N.d.  1 cover.

East-Timor and Indonesia

189
Newspaper clippings on East-Timor.   1991, 1994 and n.d.  1 cover.
190
Printed articles and newspaper clippings on the Dutch military operations in Indonesia.   1988, 1993-1995 and n.d.  1 cover.
191
Printed articles and newspaper clippings on Indonesia.   1966, 1986, 1989, 1991-1996 and n.d.  1 folder.

Other documentation

192
'Liber amicorum' for Karel [de Wijk?] , including text and photos of Princen and others. Photocopies.   1962-1963.  1 cover.
193
Various documentation.   1986, 1992-1996 and n.d.  1 folder.

ANNEX


Wilanda Princen


NB. Daughter.
194
Correspondence.   1993-1994 and n.d.  1 cover.

Karel de Wijk


NB. Former captain.
195-196
Correspondence.   1947-1949.  2 covers.
195
Princen-Van der Lee, Theresia . With a report of an interrogation about Poncke Princen . 1948-1949 and n.d.
196
Termaten, Lieutenant Colonel J. (Depot Nazending Indië). 1947.

Other persons

197
Greeting cards to Iken Nasution .   1993, 1995.  1 cover.
198
Letter from Otto van Eersel to Redactie Forum Volkskrant . Photocopy.   1994.  1 piece.
199
Letter from J.W. de Vletter ( Stichting Poncke Princen Foundation for Human Rights ) to Wilfried Derksen ( D'66 ). Photocopy.   1998.  1 piece.
200
Other correspondence.   1994-1996.  1 cover.