Pierre Ramus Papers
Period (1826, 1872-) 1882-1936 (-1991)
Total size 6.85 m.
Consultation Not restricted
User restriction Not available until July 2013 due to conservation and digitization activities
Real name: Rudolf Grossmann, pseudonyms: Klaus Morleit (C. Morelight) and Pierre Ramus; born in Vienna 1882, died at sea in 1942; journalist, publicist, propagandist of anarchist ideas, antimilitarism and birth control; active in the left wing of the socialist labour movement in New York from 1898; founder of Der Zeitgeist New York in 1900; contributed to Johann Most's Freiheit until 1904; fled to London in 1903 after being charged with instigating strikes, while out on bail; editor of Die freie Generation London/Berlin 1906-1908, then Jahrbuch der Freien Generation 1910-1914; returned to Vienna in 1907 and became the principal figure in the anarchist movement in Austria; conscientious objector in the First World War; founder of the Austrian Bund herrschaftsloser Sozialisten and of its organ Erkenntnis und Befreiung 1919-1933, named Der Anarchist in 1927-1928; made propaganda trips to Germany, England, France and Switzerland; member of the International Antimilitarist Bureau; his publications include `Die Neuschöpfung der Gesellschaft duch den kommunistischen Anarchismus' 1921.
Correspondence 1903-1933, 1936, with Diego Abad de Santillán c. 1921-1926, Alexander Berkman c. 1910, 1922-1930, Walter Borgius 1907-1908, 1912, 1924, 1929-1931, Gustave Brocher c. 1918-1925, Victor Dave 1910-1914, 1919-1923, Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis c. 1904-1919, Emma Goldman 1912, 1919-1925, Hippolyte Havel 1903-1926, Thomas Keell 1904-1907, 1919-1930, Peter Kropotkin c. 1901-1907, 1912-1913, Gustav Landauer 1907-1912, 1919, Errico Malatesta 1905, 1912, 1923, 1926-1929, Olga Misar 1917-1930, 1933, Erich Mühsam 1912, 1924, 1927, 1929, 1932, Josef and Maria Peukert 1908-1913, Eugen Relgis 1924-1926, 1928-1932, Emil Szittya c. 1923, 1927 and many others; letters and postcards by Ramus to members of his family and friends 1938-1942; counterfeit passports and calling cards c. 1920, 1924; manuscripts and drafts of books, articles and speeches, with notes (also some by Max Nettlau) 1898-1934, including his unpublished `Marx, Engels und Bakunin' 1922-1923; manuscripts of books, articles and poems by James Guillaume and other authors 1890, 1893-1933; manuscripts of translations; documents relating to the editing of periodicals 1902-1903, 1906-1933; documents on trials against Ramus 1909-1914; membershipcards 1900-1932; documents on congresses of international anarchist and antimilitarist organizations 1907, 1919-1931; collected documents, including correspondence by others relating to Eugen H. Schmitt, documents on trials against anarchists and documents on the Johann Neve case 1888, 1894-1927; some correspondence and other documents concerning Ramus 1947-1991; pamphlets, leaflets, press clippings and other printed material relating to many countries including Austria, Germany, Russia, Switzerland and the USA 1826, 1872-1936. Papers of relatives: some letters and documents of his wife Sonja Grossmann-Friedmann c. 1905-1935 and his daughter Lilly Schorr-Grossmann c. 1919, 1924-1928, 1961-1981.
Inventory made by Tiny de Boer in 1997 and 2000