IISH

Nicolas Walter Papers

Period  (1808-) 1954-2000
Total size   6 m.
Consultation Not restricted

Biography

Nicolas Hardy Walter was born on November 22, 1934 in South London and died on March 7, 2000 in Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire; writer, lecturer and editor of humanist and anarchist conviction; his father was W. Grey Walter, born in the USA and read history at the University of Oxford; married Ruth Oppenheim (1962), whom he met in 1960 in the Committee of 100 and they had two daughters; after their union was dissolved in 1982, he remarried Christine Morris.

He was involved in anarchist and anti-militarist movements from 1956 and was a founding member of the Committee of 100; worked in publishing and journalism, including Which? , a magazine of a consumers association and The University Libertarian ; managing director of the The Rationalist Press Association (RPA) and Vice President of the National Secular Society from 1974; published About Anarchism (1969) and Blasphemy Ancient and Modern (1990) and several other anarchist and anti-militarist books and pamphlets; edited new editions of Peter Kropotkin's Memoirs of a Revolutionist and of Michael Bakunin's Paris Commune and the Idea of the State ; contributed regularly to New Humanist , monthly journal of RPA, Freethinker , Ethical Record , Freedom , The Raven and occasionally contributions to The Times Literary Supplement , Higher Education Supplement , New Statesman and The Independent ; wrote frequently letters to all kinds of periodicals and featured on radio and television since 1962, including monthly contributions to ‘Pause for Thought' on the BBC World Service; next to the Committee of 100, he also was a member of various other organizations like the Committee Against Blasphemy Law, International Committee for the Defence of Salman Rushdie and His Publishers; wrote often under many different pseudonyms, including Anna Freeman, Arthur Freeman, Mary Lewis, Leonard Newman, Thomas Newman, Jean Raison and others.

Content

The papers contain a few files of correspondence, typescripts, printed material, documentation etc.

Arrangement

The papers were arranged into series of correspondence, documents concerning his activities, documentation on subjects etc. The correspondence relating to RPA and other organizations is included in the general series of correspondence.

Books, pamphlets and periodicals have been transferred to the library and photographs, posters and a recording to the audiovisual section of the IISH.

Processing information

Inventory made by Tiny de Boer in 2006

INVENTORY


GENERAL

1-10
Correspondence.   1956-2000 and n.d.  8 boxes and 2 folders.
1
1956-1967.
2
1967-1971.
3
1972-1974.
4
1975-1984.
5
1984-1986.
6
1986-1988.
7
1988-1992.
8
1993-2000 and n.d.
9
N.d. (folder)
10
N.d. (folder)
11-15
Correspondence. Alphabetically arranged.   1969-1993.  3 folders and 2 boxes.
11
A.
12
B.
13
B-D.
14
E-N. (box)
15
R-W.(box)
16
Address book.   N.d.  1 volume.
17
List of names and addresses.   N.d.  1 piece.

PERSONAL

18
‘Brief statement of service and certificate on discharge' from the Royal Air Force.   1954.  1 piece.
19
Financial documents.   1954, 1963, 1973, 1977, 1981-1984, 1986-1989, 1991-1993, 1996, 1999.  1 cover.
20
Membership cards.   1961, 1969, 1977, 1991, 1993.  1 cover.
21
Documents concerning his application as managing director of The Rationalist Press Association Ltd.   1974.  1 piece.
22
Invitations.   1966, 1969, 1979, 1982, 1986-1987, 1991, 1993, 1995-1996, 1998 and n.d.  1 cover.
23
Autobiographical data. Typed and handwritten.   1977, 1983, 1997 and n.d.  1 cover.
24
Documents concerning an appeal against conviction for ‘insulting behaviour' after a peace demonstration in Whitehall.   1983-1984.  1 cover.

PUBLIC LIFE


Authorship


General
25
Memoranda of agreement of his publications.   1961-1962, 1970, 1983.  1 cover.
26
Lists of publications in the period 1959-1981.   N.d.  1 cover.

Correspondence
27-28
Carbon copies and photocopies of ‘letters to the editor'.   c. 1965-1999 and n.d.  2 folders.
27
c. 1965-1999.
28
N.d.
29
Correspondence relating to the review for the book The Complete Works of George Orwell , published in 1998. With documentation.   1955, 1968, 1972, 1981, 1997-1999 and n.d.  1 folder.
30
Correspondence relating to his pamphlet About Anarchism .   1969-1970.  1 cover.
31
Correspondence relating to his introduction to the reprint of Peter Kropotkin's Memoirs of a Revolutionist .   1969-1971.  1 cover.
32
Correspondence relating to other publications on Peter Kropotkin.   1969-1971.  1 cover.
33
Correspondence relating to the article ‘Anarchism in Print: Yesterday and Today' concerning a contribution for the book Anarchism Today , edited by David E. Apter and James Joll.   1969-1973.  1 cover.
34
Correspondence with Harry Shukman concerning Nicolas Walter's contribution to the Encyclopedia of the Russian Revolution.   1986-1987.  1 cover.
35
Correspondence, mainly with Roger van Zwanenberg of Zwan Publications.   1987-1990.  1 folder.
36
Correspondence and proofs relating to his booklet Humanism, Humanist. What's in a Word . With documentation. Partly photocopies.   1844, 1895, 1946-1947, 1967, 1973, 1982, 1996-1997.  1 cover.
37
Correspondence and other documents relating to a contribution for the New Dictionary of National Biography on Charles A. Watts.   1995-1996.  1 cover.
38
Correspondence and other documents relating to his contribution to the book George Orwell at Home (and among the Anarchists) , including a copy of the book. Published in 1998 by Freedom Press.   1997-1999.  1 folder.

Typescripts
39-41
Typescripts and other documents concerning his translation of Peter Kropotkin's Words of a Rebel .   c. 1882-1971 and n.d.  3 folders.
39-40
c. 1882-1971 and n.d.
41
N.d.
42
Typescripts of articles on Peter Kropotkin, including translations of Kropotkin's articles by Nicolas Walter.   1967 and n.d.  1 folder.
43-44
Typescripts of other articles. With some correspondence.   1969, 1980, 1984, 1986-1990, 1993-1994, 1997 and n.d.  2 folders.
43
1969, 1980, 1984, 1986-1990, 1993-1994, 1997.
44
N.d.
45
Typescript of a synopsis of a book on Peter Kropotkin. In threefold.   1971.  1 cover.
46
Typescripts of speeches.   1971, 1987, 1999.  1 cover..
47
Typescripts of reviews.   1975, 1984, 1999 and n.d.  1 cover.
48
Typescripts of obituaries. With annexes.   1986, 1995, 1997.  1 cover.

Notes
49-53
Notes and other documents concerning his publications on anarchism. Partly photocopies.   c. 1879-1999.  4 folders and 1 box.
49-50
c. 1879-1999. (folders)
51
c. 1879-1999. (box)
52-53
c. 1879-1999. (folders)
54
Notes relating to the articles about Charles W. Daniel. With documentation.   1906, 1915, 1917-1918, 1928, 1947, 1960, 1971, 1897 and n.d.  1 cover..
55
Notes relating to non-violence. With some correspondence, clippings and other documentation.   1963, 1965-1966 and n.d.  1 folder.
56
Notes for a book on direct action. With the typescript of the introduction and a German paper on direct action.   1967, 1972 and n.d.  1 folder.
57
Notebooks relating to his book Humanism. What's in the Word .   1996.  1 folder.
58
Notes relating to Alexander Berkman and Emma Goldman. With a photocopy of a letter from Alexander Berkman to Michael A. Cohn (?) 10 Oktober 1922.   N.d.  1 folder.
59
Notes relating to Peter Kropotkin.   N.d.  1 folder.
60-63
Notebooks relating to his (other) publications.   N.d.  4 folders.
64
Notes relating to his speech at the funeral of Colin Paul Amey.   N.d.  1 piece.
65
Index cards with notes on articles, pamphlets and books by (?) and on Peter Kropotkin.   N.d.  1 folder.
66
Index cards with notes on various periodicals.   N.d.  1 folder.
67
Index cards with notes on various persons.   N.d.  1 folder.
68-69
Miscellaneous notes.   N.d.  2 folders.

Publications
70-71
Printed articles by Nicolas Walter.   1959-1964, 1967-1977, 1979, 1981-1989, 1991-1997, 1999 and n.d.  2 boxes..
72-73
Printed reviews by Nicolas Walter.   1959-1965, 1967-1968, 1970-1986, 1989, 1991-1999 and n.d.  2 boxes..
74
Printed speeches and lectures by Nicolas Walter.   1987, 1989, 1991, 1993, 1997, 1999.  1 cover.

Other documents
75
Announcements of his speeches, discussions and courses.   1966, 1968-1969, 1972, 1975-1976, 1978-1980, 1984-1987, 1989, 1991, 1994-1997, 1999 and n.d.  1 cover.
76
Documents concerning his contribution to the New Dictionary of National Biography.   1997-1999.  1 folder.

Editorship


The Rationalist Press Association

General
77
Minutes of meetings of The Rationalist Press Association.   1928, 1974, 1984, 1995-1996, 1999.  1 folder.

Correspondence

NB. See also inv.nos. 1-10.
78
Correspondence, mainly by Charles A. Watts, director of The Rationalist Press Association.   1923, 1926, 1928, 1930, 1932-1933.  1 cover.
79-81
Correspondence by Frederick C.C. Watts, managing director of The Rationalist Press Association, relating to the death of his father Charles A. Watts, former director of The Rationalist Press Association.   1946-1949.  3 folders.
79
1946.
80
1946.
81
1947-1949.
82
Correspondence relating to the death of Frederick C.C. Watts, managing director of The Rationalist Press Association.   1953-1954.  1 cover.
83
Correspondence by Christopher J.G. Macy, general editor of The Rationalist Press Association.   1970-1972, 1974.  1 cover..
84
Correspondence by F. Cooke, secretary of The Rationalist Press Association.   1975-1976, 1979, 1981-1982.  1 cover.

Organization and finances
85
Memorandum and Articles of Association of The Rationalist Press Association and Pemberton Publishing Company Ltd.   1951, 1954.  1 piece.
86
Documents concerning pensions and life assurance of the staff.   1974-1980, 1982, 1984.  1 cover.
87
Financial documents.   1984-1985, 1987, 1991, 1994-1995, 1997.  1 cover.

Typescripts
88-89
Typescripts and manuscript of articles by various authors.   1971-1972, 1983, 1986-1988 and n.d.  2 folders.
88
1971-1972, 1983, 1986-1988
89
N.d.

Other documents
90
Documents concerning the history of The Rationalist Press Association, including some other documents. Partly photocopies.   1895, 1928, 1974, 1977, 1985, 1990, 1996 and n.d.  1 cover.
91
Documents concerning the death of Charles A. Watts, former director of The Rationalist Press Association.   1946.  1 cover.
92
Lists of printed books of Thinker's Library. With notes by Nicolas Walter.   c. 1948, 1955, 1958.  1 cover.
93
Documents concerning the death of Frederick C.C. Watts, managing director of The Rationalist Press Association.   1953-1954.  1 cover.
94
Memoranda by Nicolas Walter and others.   1973-1976, 1987-1990, 1996-1997, 1999 and n.d.  1 cover.
95
Documents concerning a dispute as a result of a contribution to the book Anti-Racism: An Assault on Education and Value by Antony Flew, Vice-President of the RPA.   1987.  1 cover.
96
Visiting cards.   N.d.  1 cover.

The University Libertarian
97-98
Correspondence of The University Libertarian .   1954-1960.  2 folders.
NB. Contains also correspondence by Victor Mayes, who was publisher and editor from 1954-1959. From 25 November 1959 the University Libertarian was handed over to Nicolas Walter and his grandfather Karl Walter.
97
1954-1959.
98
1960.

The Times Literary Supplement
99
Correspondence with The Times Literary Supplement (as chief sub-editor), The Times Pension Funds and The Times Educational Supplement .   1967-1974 and n.d.  1 cover.

Freedom Press
100
Proofs of lectures by Peter Kropotkin.   1987.  1 cover.
101
Proof of Anarchist Essays by Charlotte M. Wilson.   1999.  1 cover.

Other activities

102
Documents concerning his activities for the South Place Ethical Society. With documentation. Partly photocopies.   1863, 1887, 1891-1892, 1897, 1926, 1933, 1968, 1970-1971, 1975, 1978-1979, 1980, 1985-1997, 1999 and n.d.  1 folder.
103-104
Documents concerning his peace activities.   1963-1964, 1973-1976, 1980, 1984 and n.d.  2 folders.
103
1963-1964, 1973-1975.
104
1975-1976, 1980, 1984 and n.d.
105
Documents concerning his activities for Resistance , periodical of the Committee of 100.   1965-1966.  1 cover..
106.
Documents concerning his contribution to the BBC radioprogramme ‘The Rise and Fall of CND'.   1966-1967.  1 cover.
107-108
Documents concerning his activities for the Centre International de Recherches sur l'Anarchisme (CIRA).   1967-1974 and n.d.  2 folders.
107
1967-1971.
108
1971-1974 and n.d.
109.
Documents concerning his activities for the National Council of Civil Liberties.   1968 and n.d.  1 cover.
110.
Documents concerning his activities for the Prison Reform Council.   1968, 1970 and n.d.  1 cover.
111.
Documents concerning his activities for the Humanist Liaison Committee.   1976, 1986, 1991.  1 cover.
112.
Documents concerning his activities for the Committee Against Blasphemy Law.   1977-1979, 1989.  1 cover.
113.
Transcript of a radio discussion between Nicolas Walter and Norman St. John Stevas on religious education.   1978.  1 piece.
114.
Documents concerning his activities for the Conference on the Agreed Syllabus for Religious Education.   1980-1981 and n.d.  1 cover.
115.
Documents concerning given courses at The Mary Ward Centre (London).   1982-1990 and n.d.  1 cover.
116.
Documents concerning his activities for the ‘Rationalists'.   1991-1992.  1 cover.
117.
Documents concerning his activities for the Humanist Peace Council.   1991-1994.  1 cover.
118.
Documents concerning his activities for the National Secular Society.   1994-1996, 1999 and n.d.  1 cover.

DOCUMENTATION


Persons


Nicolas Walter
119-120
Printed letters to the editor by Nicolas Walter.   1956, 1959-2000 and n.d.  2 boxes.
121
Printed articles in which Nicolas Walter's name was mentioned.   c. 1962-1999.  1 folder.
122
Printed reviews of the books and pamphlets of Nicolas Walter.   1963, 1990-1992, 1997 and n.d.  1 folder.
123
Printed articles on Nicolas Walter.   1964, 1967, 1978-1979, 1981, 1985-1986, 1994 and n.d.  1 cover.
124
Printed letters to the editor by various persons, as a reaction to the letters or articles by Nicolas Walter.   c. 1964-1999.  1 cover.

Other persons
125
Documentation on George Blake.   1986-1991, 1997 and n.d.  1 cover.
126
Documentation on Murray Bookchin.   1983, 1985 and n.d.  1 cover.
127
Documentation on Charles Bradlaugh.   1990-1991.  1 cover.
128
Documentation on Stuart Christie.   1964, 1967-1972, 1974-1975, 1981 and n.d.  1 cover.
129
Documentation on E.M. Forster.   1938-1939,1963, 1979, 1999 and n.d.  1 cover.
130
Documentation on Emma Goldman.   1925, 1957, 1982-1983, 1985, 1990, 1995 and n.d.  1 folder.
131-133
Documentation on Peter Kropotkin. Mainly photocopies.   c. 1883-1994.  3 folders.
131
c. 1883-1896.
132
c. 1897-1920.
133
c. 1921-1994.
134
Documentation on Albert Meltzer.   1939, 1945, 1976, 1984, 1986-1987, 1989, 1996-1997, 1999 and n.d.  1 cover.
135
Documentation on George Orwell.   1961, 1979, 1995, 2000 and n.d.  1 cover.
136
Documentation on Charles A. Watts. Photocopies.   1869-1870, 1884-1885, 1888-1892, 1906, 1918, 1924, 1936, 1946.  1 folder..
137
Photocopies of letters by Charlotte Wilson.   1884-1901.  1 folder.
138
Documentation on Lilian Wolfe.   1965, 1972, 1974.  1 cover.
139
Documentation on various persons.   1962, 1965, 1987, 1991 and n.d.  1 cover.
140
Printed obituaries by Nicolas Walter and others.   1895, 1917, 1954, 1968, 1972, 1974, 1976-1978, 1982-1983, 1985-1987, 1989-1999 and n.d.  1 folder.

Subjects

141-143
Documentation on anarchism. Partly photocopies.   c. 1867-1999 and n.d.  3 folders and 1 box.
141
c. 1867-1938.
142
c. 1938-1999 and n.d. (box)
143
N.d.
144-147
Documentation on anarchism, communism, humanism, socialism, some other subjects and on various persons. Photocopies.   1808-1999.  3 folders and 1 box.
144
1808, 1819, 1821, 1840-1841.
145
1842, 1845, 1848-1851, 1864, 1867, 1872, 1877, 1879-1881.
146
1882-1884, 1886-1888, 1890-1891, 1894-1897, 1899.
147
c. 1905-1999. (box)
148
Documentation on blasphemy. Partly photocopies.   c. 1884-1997 and n.d.  1 box.
149-151
Documentation on humanism. Partly photocopies.   c. 1814-1997 and n.d.  3 folders.
149
c. 1814-1973.
150
c. 1974-1993.
151
1994-1997 and n.d.
152
Documentation on peace and disarmament. Partly photocopies.   c. 1912-1999 and n.d.  1 box.
153-155
Documentation on religion. Partly photocopies.   c. 1819-1999 and n.d.  3 folders.
153
c. 1819-1979.
154
c. 1980-1988.
155
c. 1989-1999 and n.d.

Other documentation

156
Transcripts and photocopies of letters.   1842, 1889, 1904-1905, 1907, 1923, 1940, 1948, 1988.  1 cover..
157
Documentation on Freedom and Freedom Press. Partly photocopies.   1881, 1886, 1911, 1915-1916, 1926, 1930, 1956, 1961, 1968, 1975, 1977-1978, 1980, 1983-1986 and. n.d.  1 cover.
158
Documentation on the ‘Haymarket massacre' in Chicago in 1886. With commemoration announcements. Photocopies.   1890-1892, 1894, 1899-1901, 1903-1904, 1906-1908, 1919-1911 and n.d.  1 cover.
159
Documentation on ‘Labour Day' demonstrations. Photocopies.   1893-1895, 1909.  1 cover.
160
Reports and other documents of the Labour Party.   1958-1961 and n.d.  1 folder.
161
Documentation on ‘Spies for Peace'.   1963, 1965-1966, 1973, 1985, 1988, 1993 and n.d.  1 folder.
162-165
Miscellaneous documentation. Partly photocopies.   c. 1849-1999.  4 boxes.

ANNEX

166
Agreement between Charles A. Watts and Frederick C.C. Watts.   1929.  1 piece.
167
Documents concerning the selling and distribution of the contents of 50 Cecile Park of Charles A. Watts.   1941-1942.  1 cover.
168
Correspondence relating to the death of Frederick C.C. Watts, managing director of C.A. Watts & Co. Ltd.   1953.  1 cover.
169
Letter from E.M. Forster (?) to M(r?) Blackham.   1960.  1 piece.
170
Correspondence by Alan Albon.   1962, 1983 and n.d.  1 cover.

Full table of contents