IISG

Vernon Richards Papers

Period  (1858-) 1907-2001
Total size   11.6 m.
Consultation Restricted
Inv.no. 148 is closed for 25 years until 2015
See consultation information

Biography

Recchioni, Vero, later anglicised to Vernon Richards: born in London 1915, died in Hadleigh, Suffolk 2001; civil engineer, anarchist and editor; helped his father with propaganda work against Mussolini; arrested in Paris in January 1935 and extradited from France; in 1936, he published in collaboration with Camillo Berneri a bilingual anarchist and antifascist paper Italia Libera/Free Italy; founded and edited Spain and the World, which became Revolt in 1939, and eventually was followed by War Commentary 1939-1945 and Freedom from 1945; imprisoned for nine months for inciting agitation among soldiers in 1945; editor of Freedom until 1964; continued to run Freedom Press; among his publications are `Lessons of the Spanish Revolution' 1953 and `Errico Malatesta - Life and Ideas' 1965. Berneri, Marie Louise: his first wife, born in Arezzo, Italy 1918, died in London 1949; took part in the publication of Revision Paris; went to Spain in 1936 where her father Camillo Berneri edited Guerra di Classe; returned to Paris to study psychology at the Sorbonne; went again to Spain after the assassination of her father; in October 1937 she went to London to help her companion Vernon Richards with the publication of Spain and the World; member of the group that edited Revolt and then War Commentary and Freedom until her premature death; among her publications are `Journey through Utopia' 1950 and `Neither East nor West' 1952. Recchioni, Emidio: his father, born in Russi near Ravenna, Italy 1864, died in Paris 1934; railroad employee; originally a republican and follower of Giuseppe Mazzini; converted to anarchism in the early 1890s; contributed to Sempre Avanti; founded and edited, with Cesare Agostinelli and others, L'art. 248 Ancona in 1894; arrested in June 1894 in connection with the shooting of Prime Minister Crispi and confined for three years; started with Malatesta and friends L' Agitazione Ancona in 1897; soon arrested again and sent back to the prison isles, but managed to escape; emigrated to England in 1900; stayed involved in all Italian anarchist publications published in Ancona before and during the First World War; contributor to La Protesta and L' Adunata dei refrattari and other papers, mainly under his pen name Nemo; organized and financed a number of attempts on Mussolini.

Content

Vernon Richards papers: correspondence relating to Freedom, 1924, 1933-1987 and n.d., including some personal letters, with Camillo Berneri, Gerald Brenan, Havelock Ellis, Emma Goldman, Jim Huggon and Steve Sorba, August John, Max Nettlau, George Orwell, Sylvia Pankhurst, Herbert Read, Raffaele Schiavina and many other anarchists mainly from France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy and the USA; personal papers relating to education, study, finance, family members, memberships and business activities 1926-1983; manuscripts of articles and books, including `Malatesta - Life and Ideas' and `Lessons of the Spanish Revolution', with some other documents; manuscripts and notes by Camillo Berneri, Max Nettlau and others 1858-1984; manuscripts of translations, including `Kropotkin's The State - Its Historic Role' and Gaston Leval's `Collectives in the Spanish Revolution' by (1937) 1969, 1973-1975, 1978; files relating to Freedom Press, including minutes of meetings 1946-1948, 1965-1967; documents relating to organization, finance and premisis, partly also concerning Spain and the World and Revolt 1936-1984; manuscripts by various authors; documents on publishing activities, the Freedom bookshop, a conflict with the Anarchist Federation Group 1941-1946, the prosecution of Freedom members on charges of conspiracy 1940-1941, 1944-1945; documents relating to a protest meeting against political trials in Spain 1952, including single letters from Benjamin Brittan, Fenner Brockway, E.M. Foster, Aldous Huxley, Lewis Mumford and Bertrand Russell; documents on other subjects and printed material. Marie Louise Berneri papers: correspondence with anarchists 1936, 1938-1949, including Volin (pseudonym of Vsevelod M. Eichenbaum); letters from her mother Giovanna Berneri 1937, 1939 and from Vernon Richards 1945; diaries 1934, 1939, 1947-1949; documents relating to education and study 1933-1936; manuscript of `Workers in Stalin's Russia' 1941-1945 and of articles and speeches 1937-1938, 1940-1943; notes 1929, 1935-1944, 1949; documentation 1932-1947; letters by Marie Louise Berneri to her grandmother Aldalgisa Berneri-Fochi 1947-1949. Emidio Recchioni papers: letters received from Luigi Fabbri, Carlo Frigero, Luigi Galleani, Errico Malatesta, Max Nettlau, Raffaele Schiavina (1904-) 1921-1934; notebooks kept during his illness 1934; manuscripts of articles 1921 and n.d.; financial documents relating to his Italian produce store `King Bomba' in London 1917-1919 and Carrara marble trading 1925, 1931-1933; some documents concerning Michele Schirru's attempt on Mussolini and Recchioni's involvement 1930-1932. Papers of other relatives: papers of Camillo Berneri (1897-1937) consisting of letters received by Berneri 1916, 1920, 1929, 1935, manuscripts of articles primarily on the catholic church and fascism 1905-1906, 1909, 1926-1927, 1932-1937, notes on Spain 1936-1937, printed material; papers of Giovanna Berneri, Giliane Berneri, Constanza Recchioni, Vera Balfour-Recchioni.

Correspondence relating to Freedom Press, including personal correspondence 1945-2000; correspondence with Chip's Booksearch 1997-1999, Marianne Enckel 1988-1996, Simone Gangnet 1999-2000, Sidonie Goossens 1999-2000, Bob Jones 1985-1992, Morag 1999-2000; passport and other personal documents 1942, 1960; typescripts and manuscripts of his books and articles 1964-1999; correspondence with Freedom Press office 1998; typescripts and manuscripts of books and articles to be published by Freedom Press, including notes and documentation 1931-1933, 1964-1995; documents concerning the publication of books, pamphlets and the periodicals Freedom, The Raven and other publications 1932, 1941, 1995-1996; documents concerning the Marie Louise Berneri Memorial Committee 1949-1952, 1954, a Freedom readership survey 1960, Freedom Press bookshop 1973-1994, Friends of Freedom Press 1975-1990; financial documents of Freedom Press 1990-1999; documents concerning his activities as photographer, secondhand bookseller and tour guide 1946-1968; file on Herbert Read and other documents 1939-1969; documentation on reviews of his publications and of others 1949-1996, on persons, including George Orwell and Colin Ward 1947-1999, on communist countries 1939-1994, on anarchism and other documentation 1881-2000.

Papers of other relatives: papers of Giliane Berneri 1949-1954, 1999; papers of Marie Louise Berneri (1918-1949), including correspondence 1937-1948, typescript and personal notes 1936-1937, printed articles, published in War Commentary and Freedom 1939-1948.

Arrangement

The documents from Vernon Richards (no. 1-267) on the one hand and Marie Louise Berneri , Emidio Recchioni , other relatives and Freedom staff members (no. 268-367) on the other hand have been entered into separate sections.
In some cases though a strict separation proved not to be possible. Cross references have been made in these instances. Apart from this, the existing order has been maintained as far as possible, although inconsistencies have been corrected. Some remarks should be made as to the nature of the documents within the different sections.
Although Vernon Richards ' papers mainly consist of Freedom Press material resulting from his work as editor and treasurer, personal papers were mixed in with these. In particular this was the case in the correspondence (no. 1-27) which contains personal as well as Freedom Press letters and some letters to others, i.e. his second wife Dorothy (Peta) Hewetson. Occasionally some bills, notes and bank statements may be found between the letters. Time did not allow a more rigorous split.
Also the documents under the heading "Documentation" probably partly concern Freedom Press documentation, while another part may have been collected by Vernon Richards personally.
In 1984 the institute received photocopies of letters and manuscripts from Vernon Richards . Although the originals of these documents have been received by the institute in 1988, these photocopies have been entered into an annex because they partly contain notes made by Vernon Richards .
The documents of the Freedom Defense Committee have been separated from the archives and added to the Freedom Defense Committee archive.
Books, pamphlets, periodicals and a series of 38 volumes of the Reclus ' Universal Geography have been brought to the institutes' library.
Photographs and posters have been taken to the audiovisual department of the institute.
The archives measure 9.25 meter.

Processing information

List made by Tiny de Boer in 1990, 2002

Secondary creator
Recchioni, Emidio. Berneri, Marie Louise. Freedom
Alternate Form of Material

Security microfilms 1990.

INTRODUCTION

THE ARCHIVES

The papers of Vernon Richards were bought in 1987 and transferred to the International Institute of Social History in 1988.
They contained not only the archive of Vernon Richards himself, but also papers of his companion Marie Louise Berneri , his father Emidio Recchioni , and the papers of some other relatives and staff members of Freedom Press , to which Vernon Richards dedicated the larger part of his life.

BIOGRAPHICAL AND HISTORICAL DATA

VERNON RICHARDS (1915-2001)

Vero Recchioni , later anglicised to Vernon Richards , was born in London in 1915 as the son of the Italian refugees Emidio and Constanza Recchioni .
He began his political career helping his father with propaganda work against Mussolini 's fascist system. He was arrested in Paris in 1935 and expelled from France. Early in 1936 he published in collaboration with Camillo Berneri , a bilingual anarchist and antifascist paper Italia Libera/Free Italy . He founded and edited Spain and the World , which became Revolt in 1939. Later is was called War Commentary (1939-1945) and then Freedom , from 1945.
In 1945 Vernon Richards was accused of inciting agitation among soldiers and was sentenced to nine months imprisonment along with Philip Sansom and John Hewetson .
From 1949 until 1952 he was a member of the Freedom Press Group. He was the editor of Freedom from 1952 until 1964. After he retired from the editorship, he continued to manage Freedom Press financially. He wrote many books and articles on anarchist topics and translated some books from the French and Italian into English. Trained as a civil engineer he was employed during the Second World War by Caffin & Co. Ltd as engineer/agent on several contracts, mostly for the Main Line Railway Companies (1).
From 1968 he worked as a commercial gardener. He also lead tours, did photography and was engaged in his father's wine and pasta store "King Bomba" in London.

MARIE LOUISE BERNERI (1918-1949)

Marie Louise Berneri was born in 1918 in Arezzo, Italy. She was a member of a well-known anarchist family. Her father Camillo Berneri was a leading theoretician of the Italian anarchist movement. Because he refused to accept the demands laid upon the teaching profession by the Fascists the family left Italy and went into exile in France.
Marie Louise Berneri soon became involved in the anarchist movement and took part in the publication of Révision in Paris with a group of French militants. In 1936 she went to Spain where Camillo Berneri edited Guerra di Classe . She returned to Paris to study psychology at the Sorbonne but went back to Spain after the assassination of her father in 1937 during the Spanish Civil War.
Later in 1937 she moved to London to help her companion Vernon Richards with the publication of Spain and the World . She became a member of the group that edited Revolt , which was later renamed War Commentary and Freedom (from 1945 on). In order to escape from the wandering expatriate existence of a political refugee she married Vernon Richards (2). She wrote books, pamphlets, articles, editorials and reviews and edited anarchist publications. She also organized meetings, initiated weekly lectures and sold the papers and pamphlets in the Freedom bookshop, during meetings and in the streets. She maintained an extensive correspondence with anarchists in Europe and South America and played a leading role in the anarchist movement in England. In 1949 she died at an early age.

EMIDIO RECCHIONI (1864-1934)

Emidio Recchioni , Vernon Richards ' father, was born in Russi near Ravenna, Italy in 1864. He was employed as a railroad-employee. Originally a republican and follower of Giuseppe Mazzini , he was converted to anarchism in the early 1890s by Cesare Agostinelli in Ancona.
He started to write, in particular satirical and polemical articles on local subjects for the anarchist press, mainly Sempre Avanti . With Agostinelli and others he founded and edited L'art. 248 in 1894.
In June 1894 he was arrested in connection with the shooting of the Italian Prime Minister Crispi and eventually confined to three years in prison. Released in March 1897 he started together with Errico Malatesta and friends L'Agitazione in Ancona. Soon he was arrested again and was sent to the prison isles from which he managed to escape (3).
Having lost his job at the railroad company he emigrated to England in 1900 ( 4), and started a wine and pasta store in London named "King Bomba", in memory of the notorious tyrant of Naples, King Ferdinand II (5). He also traded in Carrara marble.
He was involved in all Italian anarchist publications published before and during the First World War and was also a regular contributor to La Protesta and L'Adunata dei refrattari, mainly under his pen name Nemo. He organized and financed a number of attempts on Mussolini .
He died in Paris in 1934.

FREEDOM AND FREEDOM PRESS

Published by Freedom Press Freedom was originally founded in October 1886 by a group of people which included Peter Kropotkin , who lived in Britain from 1886 to 1917 and was a frequent contributor until the First World War. Other foreign exiles were also involved, but the group consisted mainly of native activists and was run for the major part of its existence by Tom Keell . When Freedom ceased to appear in 1927 he moved Freedom Press to Whiteway Colony near Stroud and ran it from there publishing at irregular intervals a Freedom Bulletin between 1928 to 1932. A rival paper called Freedom (New Series) was published from 1930 to 1936 by a group of opponents.
A second period in the history of the Freedom Press began in 1936 at the time of the Spanish Civil War. The achievements of the Spanish anarchist movement resulted in a revival of activity amongst anarchists and considerable interest and sympathy in a broader part of the general public.
In 1936 therefore Spain and the World was set up at the initiative of Vernon Richards and was supported by Marie Louise Berneri and some members of the old group. After Tom Keell 's death in 1938, Freedom and Spain and the World were combined.
In 1939 a few months after the collapse in Spain the periodical appeared under the new title Revolt , with Vernon Richards still a editor, but several others as co-editors. The last issue of this paper appeared on June 3rd 1939.
Two months after the outbreak of war, November 1939, the first issue of War Commentary appeared, which had been founded by Vernon Richards , Albert Meltzer and Marie Louise Berneri .
As one of the former co-editors of Revolt Tom Brown was asked to join and later, as they entered the movement, John Hewetson and George Woodcock were also invited. In 1945 War Commentary changed its name back to Freedom , which it has retained ever since.
Freedom Press issued several other periodicals, notably the monthly magazine Anarchy during the 1960s, and also a large number of pamphlets and books, including reprints and anthologies of anarchist classics and a new quarterly magazine The Raven, whose first issue appeared in November 1986.
The work of running Freedom Press came under several headings: Office administration, editing, publishing, distribution and finances (6) and was done on a voluntary basis. Neither the staff nor the authors of the publications received any payment. Staff and editors had often been harassed by the authorities and the editors had been imprisoned for opposing both world wars. Freedom Press changed its premises many times (7).
Freedom Press publications were printed by Express Printers. In 1981 Aldgate Press was launched with funds from the Friends of Freedom Press and operated as an autonomous commercial printing partnership (8).
The Freedom Bookshop has been the main outlet for anarchist literature as well as a selection of relevant non-anarchist titles.

INVENTORY

The documents from Vernon Richards (no. 1-267) on the one hand and Marie Louise Berneri , Emidio Recchioni , other relatives and Freedom staff members (no. 268-367) on the other hand have been entered into separate sections.
In some cases though a strict separation proved not to be possible. Cross references have been made in these instances. Apart from this, the existing order has been maintained as far as possible, although inconsistencies have been corrected. Some remarks should be made as to the nature of the documents within the different sections.
Although Vernon Richards ' papers mainly consist of Freedom Press material resulting from his work as editor and treasurer, personal papers were mixed in with these. In particular this was the case in the correspondence (no. 1-27) which contains personal as well as Freedom Press letters and some letters to others, i.e. his second wife Dorothy (Peta) Hewetson. Occasionally some bills, notes and bank statements may be found between the letters. Time did not allow a more rigorous split.
Also the documents under the heading "Documentation" probably partly concern Freedom Press documentation, while another part may have been collected by Vernon Richards personally.
In 1984 the institute received photocopies of letters and manuscripts from Vernon Richards . Although the originals of these documents have been received by the institute in 1988, these photocopies have been entered into an annex because they partly contain notes made by Vernon Richards .
The documents of the Freedom Defense Committee have been separated from the archives and added to the Freedom Defense Committee archive.
Books, pamphlets, periodicals and a series of 38 volumes of the Reclus ' Universal Geography have been brought to the institutes' library.
Photographs and posters have been taken to the audiovisual department of the institute.
The archives measure 9.25 meter.

Notes:

1) See no. 50.
2) "Letter to the Past; An Autobiography" by George Woodcock, p. 246.
3) Max Nettlau collection no. 118: Manuscript "Die italienische anarchistische Bewegung von 1894 bis 1900"
4) Studi Sociali , 16-5-1934.
5) "Letter to the Past; An Autobiography" by George Woodcock, p. 246.
6) See no. 134.
7) Freedom Centenary Edition. "A Hundred Years; October 1886 to October 1986". Vol.47, nr.9. 1986, London.
8) Freedom. Centenary Edition. "A Hundred Years; October 1886 to October 1986". Vol.47, nr.9. 1986, London. p. 27.

LITERATURE

Marie Louise Berneri ; A Tribute. Published by the Marie Louise Berneri Memorial Committee, 1949, London;
Freedom. Centenary Edition. A Hundred years; October 1886 to October 1986. Vol. 47, no.9. 1986, London. (IISH );
Freedom Press. Leaflet. Published by the Friends of Freedom Press. N.d. (IISH Bro An 1485/185);
Woodcock, G. Letter to the Past; An Autobiography. 1982. Ontario, Canada. (IISH 351/72).

INTRODUCTION TO ACCRUAL

In June 2001 the IISH received an accrual to the papers of Vernon Richards . He died later that year in Hadleigh on December 10, 2001, aged 86.

The papers mainly consist of Freedom Press and personal correspondence. Besides the papers there are some personal documents, manuscripts and typescripts of his publications, manuscripts and typescripts and other Freedom Press documents, some documents of his other activities, documentation on reviews of publications, documentation on persons, countries and other documentation.

The papers also contain documents from Giliane Berneri and Marie Louise Berneri (wife of Vernon Richards). In the annex obituaries on Vernon Richards and a photo album from Joan Toner (?) can be found.

Photographs were transferred to the audiovisual section of the IISH.

The size of the accrual is 2,25 m.

L I S T


VERNON RICHARDS (1915-2001)


GENERAL


Chronological correspondence
1-27
Correspondence.   1924,   1934-1940,   1942,   1944-1987 and n.d.  25 boxes and 2 folders.
1
1924, 1934-1940, 1942, 1944-1950 and n.d.
2
1951-1953 and n.d.
3
1953-1954 and n.d.
4
1954-1955 and n.d.
5
1955 and n.d.
6
1955-1956 and n.d.
7
1956-1958 and n.d.
8
1958-1960 and n.d.
9
1961-1963 and n.d.
10
1963-1964 and n.d.
11
1964-1965 and n.d.
12
1965-1966 and n.d.
13
1967-1968 and n.d.
14
1969-1970 and n.d.
15
1970-1971 and n.d.
16
1971-1972 and n.d.
17
1972-1973 and n.d.
18
1973-1974 and n.d.
19
1975-1976 and n.d.
20
1976-1978 and n.d.
21
1978-1979 and n.d.
22
1980-1982 and n.d.
23
1983-1984 and n.d.
24
1984-1985 and n.d.
25
1985-1986 and n.d. .
26
1986 and n.d. (folder).
27
1987 and n.d. (folder).

Alphabetical correspondence
28
Correspondence with Camillo Berneri .   1936 and n.d.  1 cover.
29
Letters from Gerald Brenan and Hazel.   1949 and n.d.  1 cover.
30
Correspondence with Lain Diez .   1958-1959 and n.d.  1 cover.
31
Letters from Havelock Ellis .   1936-1937 and n.d.  1 cover.
32
Letter from Luigi Fabbri .   1934. (3 p.)  1 cover.
33
Correspondence with Pat Flanagan .   1983-1985.  1 cover.
34
Letter from Carlo Frigerio .   1962.  1 piece.
35
Letters from Emma Goldman .   1933,   1939.  1 cover.
17-2-1933. 2 p. 28-4-1933. 2 p. 19-8-1933. 2 p. 5-7-1939. 1 p. 25-7-1939. 1 p. 2-8-1939. 1 p.
36
Letters from E.A. Gutkind .   1954-1955.  1 cover.
37-38
Correspondence, mainly with Jim Huggon and Steve [Sorba] .   1979-1983 and n.d.  2 folders.
37
1979-1981 and n.d.
38
1979-1983 and n.d.
39
Letters from Augustus John .   1942,   1948,   1953-1954 and   N.d.  1 cover.
40
Letters from Max Nettlau .   1935-1938 and n.d.  1 cover.
15-4-1935. 1 p.
29-4-1935. 1 p.
n.d. 1 p.
22-6-1935. 1 p.
12-8-1935. 1 p.
3-10-1935. 2 p.
16-12-1935. 1 p.
30-3-1936. 1 p.
18-12-1935. 1 p. With a postcard from P. Reclus to Nettlau .
15-12-1935. 1 p.
18-6-1936. 2 p.
2-7-1936. 2 p.
30-7-1936. 1 p.
5-10-1936. 2 p.
11-10-1936. 5 p. With notes from M. Nettlau .
23-10-1936. 2 p.
21-11-1936. 3 p.
30-11-1936. 2 p.
2-12-1936. 2 p.
5-12-1936. 1 p.
8-1-1937. 1 p.
n.d. 2 p.
23-2-1937. 2 p.
26-3-1937. 2 p. With a carbon copy of a letter from V. Richards. n.d. 2 p.
19-7-1937. 6 p.
13-7-1937. 2 p.
29-7-1937. 4 p.
22-4-1937. 3 p.
15-11-1937. 1 p.
n.d. 1 p.
n.d. 1 p. 27-9-1938. 1 p.
41
Letters from George Orwell .   1946,   1949 and n.d. With letters from the Library of the University College, London concerning the use of the Orwell letters for a book.   1968 and n.d.  1 cover.
6-8-1946. 1 p.
10-3-1949. 1 p.
7-4-1949. 1 p.
13-4-1949. 1 p.
22-6-1949. 1 p.
N.d. 1 p.
42
Correspondence with E. Sylvia Pankhurst .   1936-1937.  1 cover.
6-3-1936. 1 p.
20-5-1937. 3 p.
24-5-1937. 1 p.
28-6-1937. 4 p.
23-7-1937. 2 p.
43
Letters from Herbert Read .   1948,   1962 and n.d.  1 cover.
N.B. See also no. 1-27
44
Correspondence with Raffaele Schiavina , pseudonym: Max Sartin .   1934-1936,   1968,   1983.  1 cover.
N.B. See also no. 1-27
45-47
Correspondence.   1949-1954 and n.d.  3 folders.
45
a - h.
46
i - r.
47
s - z.

PERSONAL DOCUMENTS


Official documents
48
Identity card.   1947.  1 piece.
49
Passport.   1950.  1 quire.
50
References of competence.   1950.  1 cover.
51
Documents concerning the death of M.L. Berneri .   1949,   1952.  1 cover.
52
Certified copy from the Principal Probate Registry of the High Court of Justice, concerning the guardianship of Vernon Richards for the children of Vera Balfour-Recchioni .   1963.  1 piece.

Education/Studies
53
Schoolreports from the Emanuel School, Wandsworth Common.   1926-1932.  1 cover.
54
Mathematical notes and the cover of an exercise book from the Emanuel School, Wandsworth Common. n.d.  1 cover.
55
Certificate from the "Grand Concours Annuel de Langue et de Littérature Française", London.   1934.  1 piece.
56
"Architects (Registration) Act", Chapter 33,   1931 ; Chapter 38,   1934 ; Chapter 54,   1938. Printed.  1 cover.

Finances
57-58
Documents, mainly concerning financial settlements with Constanza Recchioni , the settlement of the heritage from Constanza Recchioni and financial transactions made for Vera Balfour-Recchioni .   1932,   1935-1947, 1955-1958.  2 covers.
57
1932, 1935-1947, 1955-1957.
58
1956-1958.
59
Documents concerning the rent of 11, Eton Place, London.   1939,   1946,   1948,   1956-1958.  1 cover.
60
Post-War-Credit certificates.   1942-1944,   1947.  1 cover.
61
"Ration Books" from the Ministry of Food.   1948-1949,   1953-1954.  2 quires.
62
Insurance policies, mainly concerning private- and Freedom Press insurances. With correspondence.   1951-1952, 1956-1966, 1969-1970.  1 folder.
63-66
Correspondence with the Inspector of Taxes, mainly concerning the maintenance of Vera Balfour-Recchioni 's children and concerning Vernon Richards ' activities as a market gardener.   1959,   1963-1983.  4 folders.
63
1959, 1963-1968.
64
1968-1971.
65
1971-1978.
66
1978-1983.
67-68
Documents concerning the selling of Charles Duff's books by V. Richards .   1967-1968.  2 folders.
67
1967.
68
1967-1968.
69-70
Documents concerning the selling of 17 Maxwell Road, the purchase of 84 Whitechapel Highstreet and the purchase and alteration of "The Golden Pightle", Evans Heath, Polstead.   1967-1969.  2 folders.
69
1967-1969.
70
1968-1969.
*71
Correspondence with the Department of Health and Social Security. With documentation.   1976-1981 and n.d. Closed.  1 folder.

Memberships
72
Membership book from the London Co-operative Society. With a receipt for entrance fee.   1947.  1 cover.
73
Membership card from the Malatesta Club, London.   1954.  1 piece.
74
Membership card from King's College, London. C.   1955.  1 piece.
75
Membership card from the Soil Association.   1970.  1 piece.
76
Directory of members of King's College London Engineers' Association Officers.   1971.  1 quire.
77
Member's contribution cards from the National Union of Agricultural and Allied Workers.   1976-1981.  1 cover.

Miscellaneous
78
Documents concerning his expulsion from France.
1935-1936
 1 cover.
N.B. See also no. 40
79
Notes concerning his testament.   1949,   1955.  1 cover.
80
Documents concerning the "Maria Luisa Berneri" holiday camp for children.   1950 and n.d.  1 cover.
81
Appointment card from the Guy's Hospital, London.   1971.  1 piece.
82-87
Documents concerning a complaint by Dachine Rainer against the Westminster City Council on the accusation of maladministration.   1972-1974,   1976-1981.  6 folders..
82
1971-1973, 1976-1980.
83
1972-1973, 1976-1979.
84
1974, 1976-1980.
85
1976-1980.
86
1976-1981.
87
1976-1981.
88
Recipe. In Italian.   N.d.  1 piece.
89
Drawing by Vernon Richards .   N.d.  1 piece.
90
Copies of streetplans. With notes.   N.d.  1 cover.

AUTHORSHIP


Manuscripts
91-97
Manuscripts of articles. With correspondence and documentation.   1944, [1947], 1949-1950, 1953-1964, 1967 and n.d. 4 boxes and 3 folders.
91
1944, [1947], 1949-1950, 1953-1954 and n.d.
92
1955-1956 and n.d. (box).
93
1957-1958 and n.d. (box).
94
1958-1961 and n.d. (box).
95
1959-1964 and n.d. (box).
96
1963-1964 and n.d.
97
1963-1964, 1967 and n.d.
98
Manuscripts of articles on the death of George Orwell .   1950.  1 cover.
99
Manuscript of an article about Lilian Wolfe on the occasion of her 90th birthday. With the text of an interview with her and the announcement of her death in 1974.   1972, 1974 and n.d.  1 cover.
100
Manuscripts of articles on Freedom Press .   C. 1975 and N.d.  1 cover.
101
Manuscript of the article "Proposals to be put to Resistance Group".   N.d.  1 cover.
102-106
Manuscript "Malatesta - Life and Ideas". English and Italian version. With correspondence, notes, proofs and documentation.   C. 1894-1968.  3 boxes and 2 folders.
102
C. 1894-1935, 1951-1954, 1960, 1968 and n.d.
Contains also: Documentation and manuscript from Camillo Berneri.
103
C. 1913-1935.
Contains also: Text on Errico Malatesta by Max Nettlau; postcards and letters from Errico Malatesta to Thomas H. Keell and Lilian Wolfe.
104
C. 1908-1965. (box).
Contains also: Letters from Errico Malatesta to Emidio Recchioni and notes from Camillo Berneri.
105
1934, 1950 and n.d. (box).
106
1961-1966 and n.d. (box).
Contains also: Notes by Max Nettlau.
107-111
Manuscript "Lessons of the Spanish Revolution". With correspondence, notes, proofs and documentation.   C. 1858-1948, 1951-1954, 1972 and n.d.  5 boxes.
107
C. 1958-1937.
Contains also: File "Clera Fascista" from Camillo Berneri ; manuscripts and notes from Camillo Berneri and Marie Louise Berneri; Letters to Emma Goldman ; Statement by Emma Goldman concerning the assignment of her heirs; Statement from the Generalitat de Catalunya concerning Emma Goldman ; Circular letter from the Committee Sustaining Fund for Emma Goldman ; Lecture notes from John Hewetson ; Documents on Charles Duff ; Letter from G. Michaud probably to Camillo Berneri ; Request-letter to Benito Mussolini from J.B. Madasiaga ; Manuscript of an article by Avelino Gonzale-Mallada.
108
1936-1939, 1943-1945, 1952-1954.
Contains also: Manuscripts from various authors; Notes from Marie Louise Berneri; Emma Goldman correspondence.
109
1937-1939 and n.d.
Contains also: Emma Goldman correspondence; Manuscripts from various authors; Notes from Marie Louise Berneri and Camillo Berneri .
110
1939-1952 and n.d.
Contains also: Manuscripts from various authors and notes from Marie Louise Berneri.
111
1951-1952, 1972 and n.d.
112-113
Manuscript " Kropotkin 's The State - Its Historic Role", translated from the French: "L' Etat - Son Role Historique" (   1897 ). With proofs.   1969 and n.d.  2 folders.
112
1969.
113
N.d.
114
Manuscript " Malatesta 's L' Anarchia", translated from the Italian: "L' Anarchia" (   1891 ).   1973.  1 folder.
115-119
Manuscript "Collectives in the Spanish Revolution", translated from the French: "Espagne Libertaire" by Gaston Leval . With correspondence, contracts and documentation. (   1937 ),   1973-1975 and n.d.  1 box and. 4 folders.
115
( 1937 ) 1973-1975.
116
N.d.
117
N.d.
118
N.d. (box).
119
N.d.
120-121
Manuscript "The Impossibilities of Social Democracy". With correspondence.   1978.  2 folders.
120
1978.
121
1978.
122-124
Manuscript "Protest Without Illusions". With correspondence.   1981 and n.d.  3 folders.
122
1981 and n.d.
123
N.d.
124
N.d.
125-126
Manuscript "Why? Work? - Argument for the Leisure Society". With correspondence and documentation.   1976, 1980-1984 and n.d.  2 folders.
125
1976, 1980-1984 and n.d.
126
1981-1984 and n.d.

Notes
127
Notes concerning the IISH, the CNT/FAI and other subjects.   N.d.  1 cover.

Published articles
128
Articles in several newspapers.   1947-1951,   1960,   1966 and n.d.  1 cover.
129
Press clipping of the article "The Situation in Madrid" by Vernon Richards and Marie Louise Berneri . N.d.  1 piece.

EDITORSHIP FREEDOM PRESS


N.B. For Freedom Press correspondence see no. 17 and 26871.

Minutes
130
Minutes of the meetings.   1946-1948,   1965-1967.  1 folder.

Organization

N.B. See also no. 144
131
Certificates of the Registration of Business Names for Express Printers and The Aldgate Press.   1943,   1958.  2 pieces.
132
Documents concerning an " Anarchist Library Project".   1967-1968 and n.d. 1 cover.
133
Articles of Association of Friends of Freedom Press Ltd. With names, addresses and descriptions of the subscribers. 3 photocopies.   1981.  1 cover.
134
List of the organizational tasks within Freedom Press .   N.d.  1 piece.
135
Editorial notes on behalf of Freedom Press . N.d.  1 cover.

Finances

N.B. See also no. 362
136-137
Statements of accounts, balance sheets and reports on Spain and the World , Spain and the World Orphans and Refugees, Revolt , Express printers and Freedom Press .   1936-1940, 1942-1950, 1953-1957.  1 volume and 1 folder.
136
1936-1940, 1942-1949, 1953-1957. (volume).
137
1942-1950, 1956.
138-139
"Job books". With financial notes on Express Printers.
1942-1952
 2 volumes.
138
1942-1949.
139
1950-1952.
140
Financial notes and invoices from Express Printers to Freedom Press .   1947-1948,   1951-1952 and n.d.  1 folder.
141
Documents concerning a court case in 1981 over a legacy from Josephine Toner, left to Freedom Press . With annexes.   1947,   1964,   1966-1969,   1978-1984.  1 box.
142
Documents concerning a disagreement between Express Printers and The Jewish Weekly about the payment of rent.   1949-1951.  1 cover.
143
Financial notes, mainly on lent money to several persons and to Express Printers.   1954,   1956-1957 and n.d.  1 cover.
144
Correspondence concerning the financial situation and the organization of Freedom Press and Express Printers. With notes.   1960-1966.  1 cover.
145-147
Bank statements from the Credit Lyonnais, London, to Vernon Richards , to Dorothy Hewetson, to John C. Hewetson trading as Freedom Press . With correspondence and financial notes.   1971-1982.  3 folders.
145
1971-1979.
146
1977-1981.
147
1979-1982.
148
Financial notes and correspondence with Jim Huggon about the finances.   1975-1979,   1982-1983.  1 folder.
NB. Closed until 2015.

Premises

N.B. See also no. 69-70 and 215-216
149-151
Documents concerning the Whitechapel Highstreet premises.   1923, 1948-1949, 1967-1971 and n.d.  3 folders.
149
1923, 1948-1949, 1967-1968 and n.d.
150
1968-1969.
151
1970-1971.

Manuscripts from various authors
152-154
"Neither East Nor West" by Marie Louise Berneri . With proofs and clippings.   1939-1948, 1951-1952 and n.d.  3 folders.
152
1939-1948 and n.d.
153
1943 and n.d.
154
1951-1952 and n.d.
N.B. Published by the Marie Louise Berneri Committee.
155
Manuscripts of the articles "Les événements dans le Sud" and "Le facteur Kurde ou la tragédie caricaturale" by Damashki.   N.d.  1 cover.
156
Manuscript of the article "Carta de Garcia Oliver a Vivancos" by Garcia Oliver. N.d. 1 cover.
157
Manuscript of the article "A Radical Theoretician Treats the Subject of Fascism" by Arnold H. Kamiat . C.   1941.  1 cover.
158
Manuscripts of articles by Mat Kavanagh. With lists of recommended books.   N.d.  1 cover.
159
Manuscripts of the articles "Le Dante Alighieri", "L'attentato di Roma" and "La politica parlamentare nel movimente socialista" by Errico Malatesta. N.d. 1 cover.
160
Manuscript of the article "La situation politique et sociale des musulmans d'Alg.eacute;rie" by N. Molinsy Fabregas .   1944.  1 cover.
161
Manuscript of the article " Errico Malatesta - Rough Outlines of his Life up till   1920 " by Max Nettlau . With corrections and additions (published in Freedom ,   oct.-nov. 1920 ) Photocopy.   N.d.  1 cover.
162
Manuscripts of the articles "Les étudiants Argentins résistent à la 'formation politique' que leur impose le gouvernement Péron", "Une tactique antianarchiste", "Le troisième front", "Deux mots à nos adversaires", "Un jour viendra", "Bilan d'un demi-siècle d'évolution dans la structure de la France (1900-1950)", "Notes sur la dualité des pouvoirs dans la révolution" and "Même un simple soldat auraut du^ désobéir aux ordres qu'il savait pertinemment être contraires aux intérêts du pais" by André Prudhommeaux .   1951 and n.d.  1 cover.
163
Manuscript of the article "An Anarchist's Comment on the New Structure of the Anarchist Federation of Spain (FAI)" by Pierre Ramus .   N.d.  1 cover.
164
Manuscripts of the articles "The Utopian Mentality" and "The Ape of Hitler" by Herbert Read .   N.d.  1 cover.
165
Manuscripts of the articles "Vor dem Siege" and "The Tragic Week in May". [1937] by Augustin Souchy . N.d.  1 cover.
166
Manuscript of the essay "Makhno. Contribution aux études sur l'énigme de la personnalité" by Volin . 3 versions.   1945 and n.d. 1 cover.
167
Manuscripts of articles on George Orwell by George Woodcock . With documentation.   1949-1951,   1955,   1960 and   N.d.  1 folder.
168-169
Manuscripts of articles by several other writers.   1895, 1929, 1945, 1952-1953, 1974 and n.d.  2 folders.
168
1895, 1929, 1945 and n.d.
169
1952-1953, 1974 and n.d.

Publishing activities

N.B. See also no. 362

Correspondence
170
Correspondence with the Rocker Publications Committee, Los Angeles. With notes.   1947-1948.  1 cover.
171
Correspondence with Routledge and Kegan Paul Ltd., London.   1947,   1950-1960,   1971-1972,   1975.  1 cover.
172
Correspondence with the League for Freedom, Melbourne. With notes.   1948-1949 and n.d.  1 cover.
173
Correspondence with the editor of the Journal of Sex Education , London. With notes.   1948-1949,   1951 and n.d.  1 cover.
174
Correspondence with the Maximoff Publication Committee, Chicago.   1948-1951.  1 cover.
175
Correspondence with the Vineyard Press Ltd.,Colchester. With notes and invoices.   1976-1978 and n.d.  1 cover.
176-182
Correspondence with various publishers. With contracts.   1948,   1967-1985 and n.d.  7 folders.
176
1948, 1969-1974, 1976-1979, 1982.
177
1967-1971 and n.d.
178
1972-1977, 1979.
179
1974-1977, 1979.
180
1975-1977.
181
1977-1985.
182
1979-1983.

Other documents
183
Indexes on articles in Freedom .   N.d.  1 cover.
184
Lists and pamphlets of Freedom Press publications.   1947, 1963, 1966, 1969-1970, 1980, 1982, 1984 and n.d.  1 cover.
185
Lay-out of the "Freedom Book Supplement Winter 1948".  1 piece.
186
Documents concerning the "Marie Louise Berneri Memorial Committee".   1949-1950, 1952 and n.d. 1 cover.
187
"Colonialism on Trial; Selected Articles from the Anarchist Weekly Freedom ". Vol. 3.   1953. Published by Freedom Press. 1954. Incomplete.  1 volume.
188-189
Documents concerning an ideological dispute between Vernon Richards and J. García Pradas in a number of articles in España Libre .   1954-1955,   1976 and n.d.  2 folders.
188
1954-1955 and n.d.
189
1954, 1976 and n.d.
190
Clippings of articles and published letters in Freedom . With notes.   1962-1964 and n.d.  1 cover.
191
Documents concerning an ideological dispute between Vernon Richards and M. Mantovani , director of Umanita Nova , Rome.   1965-1966.  1 cover.
192
Anarchy , vol. 6, nr. 10, october   1966. With notes. 1 copy.
193
Proofs of Anarchy . Vol. 9.   1969 and Vol. 10.   1970.  1 cover.

Freedom Bookshop
194
List of subscribers to War Commentary .   N.d.  1 piece.
195
Lists with addresses of bookshops. With invoices.   N.d.  1 cover.
196
List of anarchist periodicals.   N.d.  1 piece.
197
Notes, mainly on the distribution and the book-sale.   N.d.  1 piece.
198
Cash book.   1941-1943.  1 volume.
199-200
Ledgers concerning the sale to bookshops.   1943-1944,   1961-1967.  2 volumes.
199
1943-1944.
200
1961-1967.
201
Stock lists concerning the booksupplies.   1944,   1947-1954 and n.d.  1 folder.
202
List of sold copies of the book "ABC of Anarchism" by A. Berkman .   1947.  1 piece.
203
Notebook concerning the sold books, pamphlets and periodicals. With drafts of letters.   1949 and n.d.  1 quire.
204
"Duplicate book". Receipt book concerning the book-sale.   1967-1968.  1 volume..
205
Correspondence and invoices concerning the book-sale.   1968,   1972-1973.  1 folder.
206-209
Correspondence by M. Canipa , mainly with subscribers.   1971-1978, 1980 and n.d.  4 folders.
206
1971-1974 and n.d.
207
1971-1978, 1980 and n.d.
208
1971-1975, 1977 and n.d.
209
1971-1975, 1977 and n.d.

Other Freedom Press documents
210
Press clippings of lists with addresses from Adunata C.   1933.  1 cover.
211
Reviews of books and articles.   1938-1939,   1941-1942,   1946,   1948-1954,   1956,   1959-1961,   1970-1971,   1974 and   1986.  1 folder.
212-214
Documents concerning a conflict between the Freedom Press Group and the Anarchist Federation Group .   1941-1946.  3 folders.
212
1941-1946 and n.d.
213
1942-1946 and n.d.
214
1943-1945 and n.d.
215-216
Documents concerning a lawsuit on account of an accusation of conspiracy by the Central Criminal Court against Vernon Richards , Marie Louise Berneri , John Hewetson and Philip Sansom , including documents concerning a police raid on the Freedom Press premises.   1940-1941,   1944-1945 and n.d.  2 folders.
215
1940, 1944-1945 and n.d.
216
1941, 1944-1945 and n.d.
N.B. See also no. 237-238
217
Press clippings of articles on Freedom Press .   1949,   1951 and   1986.  1 cover.
218
Documents concerning a protest meeting organized by Freedom Press against the political trials in Spain.   1952 and n.d.  1 cover.
With letters from a.o.:
Benjamin Britten. N.d.
Fenner Brockway. 5-3-1952.
Michael Foot. 10-3-1952.
E.M. Forster. 6-3-1952.
Aldous Huxley. 25-3-1952. (telegram)
Julian Huxley. 16-3-1952.
Augustus John. 8-3-1952.
Lewis Mumford. 20-3-1952.
Herbert Read. 22-3-1952 and n.d.
Bertrand Russell. 24-3-1952 and n.d.
219
Documents concerning a donation on the occasion of Lilian Wolfe 's 90th birthday.   1965-1966.  1 cover.
220
Documents concerning a controversy between the Freedom Collective and Aldgate Press.   1983-1984.  1 cover.
221
Invitation card from "Friends of Freedom Press " concerning public lectures on social problems. N.d.  1 piece.

OTHER ACTIVITIES


Business activities

N.B. See also no. 1-27, 62 and 57-58
222
Documents concerning "King Bomba, The Italian Produce Co. Ltd., Wine and Foodmerchants" London.   1951,   1954 and n.d.  1 cover.

Photography
223
Notebook on photographs.   1947-1948 and n.d.  1 volume.
224
Documents concerning photographical activities.   1950,   1957,   1959 and n.d.  1 cover.

Tour leading

N.B. See also no. 1-27
225-227
Documents concerning tours conducted for "The Wayfarers Travel Agency Ltd.".   1958-1968 and n.d.  3 folders.
225
1958-1963.
226
1964-1968 and n.d.
227
1968.
228
Documents concerning cruises conducted for "Orientours London Ltd.".   1965-1966.  1 folder.

Gardening

N.B. See also no. 1-27, 75 and 77
229
Documentation on gardening.   1952 and n.d.  1 cover.
230
Documents concerning renderend services as a landscape gardener.   1959-1960.  1 cover.
231
Notes on gardening.   1962,   1969.  1 cover.
232
Clippings on farming.   1975-1976,   1986 and n.d.  1 cover.

DOCUMENTATION

233
Leaflets.   1904,   1930,   1941,   1952,   1954,   1967,   1980-1981,   1985 and n.d.  1 cover.
234
Press clippings of the article " Emidio Recchioni ", published in Studi Sociali , March 16, 1934, with reference to his death.   1934.  1 piece.
235
Press clippings on the assassination of Carlo Rosselli .   1937.  1 cover.
236
"Cartas cruzadas". Copies of a correspondence between Indalecio Prieto and Juan Negrin .   1939.  1 cover.
237-238
Clippings on the imprisonment of Vernon Richards , John Hewetson and Philip Sansom for agitation among soldiers.   1945.  1 volume and 1 cover..
237
1945.
238
1945-1946 (volume).
239-241
Documentation on crime and punishment.   1929,   1941-1948 and n.d.  3 folders.
239
1929, 1941-1948 and n.d.
240
1943-1948 and n.d.
241
1944-1948 and n.d.
242
"Statutory Rules and Orders. The Aliens Order. 1920". Reprint.   1947.  1 quire.
243
Documentation on atomic energy.   1947-1948 and n.d.  1 cover.
244
Documentation on the death of Marie Louise Berneri .   1949.  1 cover.
245
Documentation on Jankel Adler .   1949 and n.d.  1 cover.
246
Press clippings on Congo.   1951,   1961 and n.d.  1 cover.
247
Documentation on Peace News Ltd.   1952 and n.d.  1 cover.
248
Press clipping of the article "Le stregonerie della scienza. Pazzi per i reggitori del futuro stato mondiale gli nomini che penseranno con la propria testa" by Giovanna Berneri , published in Il Lavoro Nuovo , 26-3-1957. With notes from Giovanna Berneri .  1 piece.
249-250
Documentation on Cuba.   1959-1965 and n.d.  2 boxes.
249
1959-1964 and n.d.
250
1961-1963, 1965.
251
Press clippings on economics, recession and war industry in the U.S.A.   1961 and n.d.  1 cover.
252
Press clippings on recession.   1961 and n.d.  1 cover.
253
Press clippings on African governments.   1961 and n.d.  1 cover.
254
Press clippings of a "Ban The Bomb" demonstration.   1962.  1 cover.
255
"Mensaje de la Confederación Nacional del Trabajo de España". Pamphlet from the Comite Nacional.   1963.  1 quire.
256
"Goal". Article by John Hewetson , published in the British Medical Journal , Vol. 285, 25 Sept.   1982. Photocopy.  1 cover.
257
Frontline Info. Publications on resistance in the Netherlands. Typewritten. Circa   1986.  1 cover.
258
"Qu'est-ce que la Russie?". Pamphlet.   N.d.  1 quire.
259
Catalogue from the B.S.P. Literature Department, London.   N.d.  1 piece.
260
List of lectures on the British revolutionary history.   N.d.  1 piece.
261-263
Documentation on several other subjects. C.   1931,   1937-   1985 and n.d.  3 folders.
261
C. 1931, 1937-1949 and n.d.
262
1950-1952 and n.d.
263
C. 1953-1985 and n.d.

ANNEX

264
Manuscript of a novel situated in Paris. With remarks from "Scrutator". Unknown handwriting.   1932.  1 folder.
265
Letter from H. to Peg Duff .   1950.  1 piece.
N.B. Probably originating from the selling of Charles Duff's books by Vernon Richards . See no. 67-68.
266-267
Photocopies of letters and manuscripts. With notes from Vernon Richards . Partly received by the IISH earlier in 1984 from Vernon Richards . C.   1922-1962 and n.d.  2 folders.
266
C. 1922-1962 and n.d.
267
C. 1923-1938 and n.d.

MARIE LOUISE BERNERI (1918-1949)


GENERAL


Chronological correspondence
268-271
Correspondence. With notes and some Freedom Press correspondence.   1936,   1938-1949 and n.d.  4 folders.
268
1936, 1938-1944 and n.d.
269
1945-1947 and n.d.
270
1948 and n.d.
271
1949 and n.d.

Alphabetical correspondence
272
Letters from Giovanna Berneri .   1937 and   1939.  1 cover.
273
Letters from Juan Lopez .   1941 and n.d.  1 cover.
274
Letters from Vernon Richards during his imprisonment.   1945.  1 cover.
275
Letters from the detained Spanish republicans at Hall o' the Hill Camp near Chorley, England. With documentation.   1945-1946 and n.d.  1 folder.
276
Correspondence with the Sécretariat Provisoire Rélations Internationales. With a report, notes and press clippings concerning the 3rd congress of the Fédération Anarchiste .   1946-1948.  1 cover.
277
Letters from Serge Senninger . With a handwritten table of contents of the book "Manifeste du mouvement anarchiste". 1946.  1 cover.
278
Letters from Voline (pseudonym of Vsevolod M. Eichenbaum).   1945.  1 cover.

PERSONAL DOCUMENTS


Diaries
279
Notepad, used as a diary in the period August/September   1934.  1 volume.
280
Notebook and diary of Marie Louise Berneri ,   1939, and on the reverse side diary of Vernon Richards .   1949 and n.d.  1 quire.
281
Diaries. With annexes.   1947-1949.  1 cover.

Education/Studies
282
Schoolreports.   1933-1936 and n.d.  2 quires.
283
Essays and notes on literature and philosophy.   1934-1936 and n.d. 1 cover.
284
Notebook on the Spanish language.   N.d.  1 quire.

AUTHORSHIP


Manuscripts
285-287
"Workers in Stalin's Russia". With documentation.   1922, 1941-1945 and n.d.  3 folders.
285
1941, 1943-1945 and n.d.
286
1942, 1944-1945 and n.d.
287
1922, 1942-1945 and n.d.
288-290
Manuscripts of articles and speeches. With documentation.   1937-1938,   1940-1943 and n.d.  3 folders.
288
1937, 1941 1943 and n.d.
289
1938, 1940 and n.d.
290
N.d.

Notes
291
Notebooks on several subjects, also used by Vernon Richards .   1929,   1937,   1943-1944 and n.d.  1 folder.
292
Notebook with booktitles. With texts of poems by Serge Senninger , Patrick Waldberg and Helman.   1935-1944.  1 folder.
293
Notes on Marquis de Sade . With library request forms.   1949.  1 cover.
294
Notes on African musical instruments.   N.d.  1 piece.
295
Notes on several subjects. With index cards. n.d.  1 cover.

Published articles

N.B. See also no. 129
296
"Italy after 1918" and "The Rise of Fascism in Italy". Articles in War Commentary , Vol. 21, Sept. 1943 and Vol. 22, Mid-Sept. 1943.  1 cover.
297
"Revolución social en Mejico?". Article in Frente libertario , Vol. 4.   N.d.  1 cover.

OTHER ACTIVITIES

298
List of the "Friday Night Lectures". With names, dates and subjects and of lectures held by Marie Louise Berneri .   1941-1942.  1 cover.
299
Press clipping with photographs of Naples, taken by Marie Louise Berneri .   1946.  1 piece.

DOCUMENTATION

300
Documentation on anarchism, anarchists and authorities. With notes.   1932,   1934,   1938-1942,   1945,   1947 and n.d.  1 cover.
301
Calendar with quotations selected by Wilfred Wigham .   1944.  1 cover.

ANNEX

302
Personal notes. Unknown handwriting in French and English.   1932-1932.  1 piece.
303
Letters from M.L. Berneri to "Nonna", Fochi Berneri , returned to Vernon Richards after M.L. Berneri 's death.   1947-1949.  1 cover.
304
Notes on animals, the terminology of Toscane and the characters of books and plays. Unknown handwriting in Italian.  1 cover.

EMIDIO RECCHIONI (1864-1934)


Correspondence


N.B. See also no. 322
305
Letter from Erasmo Abate, pseudonym: Hugo Rolland .   1924.  1 piece.
306
Postcard from Luigi Bertoni .   1928.  1 piece.
307
Letters and a postcard from Luigi Fabbri .   1926, 1928-1929, 1933-1934.  1 cover.
22-4-1926. 2 p.
16-5-1926. 2 p.
24-11-1926. 1 p.
3-7-1928. 1 p.
10-7-1928. 1 p.
6-7-1929. 1 p.
3-4-1933. 3 p.
308
Letters from Adalgisa Fochi.   N.d.  1 cover.
"29" 1 p.
"4 ott" 1 p.
"17 ott" 1 p.
"20 ott" 1 p.
N.d. 1 p.
309
Letters and postcards from Carlo Frigerio .   1923-1925,   1928,   1931.  1 cover.
7-4-1923. 1 p.
27-3-1924. 1 p.
28-5-1924. 1 p.
14-6-1924. 1 p.
10-5-1925. 2 p.
7-6-1925. 2 p.
14-11-1928. 1 p.
12-6-1931. 1 p.
310
Letters and postcards from Luigi Galleani .   1923,   1925,   1929.  1 cover.
20-12-1923. 1 p.
1-6-1925. 1 p.
24-12-1928. 1 p.
2-5-1929. 4 p.
1-111 p.
N.d.1 p.
311
Correspondence concerning "Mimi" (Evelyn), daughter of Dolores Grau . With a negative of a photograph.   1925-1926 and n.d.  1 cover.
312
Letters from Sidney Greville, Buckingham Palace and St. James's Palace.   1904, 1907.  1 cover.
4-4-1903. 1 p.
2-4-1904. 1 p.
4-4-1907. 1 p.
313
Postcards and a letter from Errico Malatesta .   1923,   1928,   1931.  1 cover.
19-12-1923. 1 p.
3-12-1928. 1 p.
22-12-1931. 1 p.

N.B. See also no. 104
314
Draft of a letter to Errico Malatesta . With notes from Vernon Richards . 1923 and n.d. 1 cover.
315
Letters and a postcard from Max Nettlau .   1924-1926,   1928-1929,   1931-1933.  1 cover.
12-8-1924. 1 p.
18-8-1924. 1 p.
20-2-1925. 2 p.
24-5-1926. 2 p.
9-12-1926. 2 p.
9-11-1928. 3 p.
23-9-1929. 2 p.
29-9-1931. 1 p.
19-12-1931. 1 p.
5-8-1932. 2 p.
10-8-1932. 1 p.
26-9-1932. 1 p.
5-10-1932. 2 p.
13-11-1932. 1 p.
30-7-1933. 1 p.
316
Letters and postcards from Raffaele Schiavina , pseudonym: Max Sartin .   1924-1925,   1932-1933.  1 cover.
27-11-1924. 3 p.
28-12-1924. 10 p.
12-1-1925. 9 p.
26-5-1925. 1 p.
6-6-1925. 1 p.
27-6-1925. 8 p.
11-7-1932. 3 p.
20-9-1933. 6 p.
317
Letter from E. Sylvia Pankhurst .   N.d.  1 piece.
318
Two letters from Michele Schirru . Both fragmentary.   1930 and n.d.  1 cover.
319
Other correspondence.   1911,   1919,   1921-1931,   1933-1934 and n.d.  1 cover.

Diaries

320-321
Notebooks, kept during his illness.   1934.  2 folders.

Manuscripts

322
Manuscripts of articles. With drafts of letters. 1921 and n.d. 1 folder.
N.B. Mostly published as "Letters from London" in Suplemento de la Protesta , Studi Sociali and other American papers.

Finances

323
Stock book from "King Bomba", London.   1917-1919.  1 volume.
324
Documents concerning the "Rigo Settlement", containing a declaration from his cousin Rigo Recchioni.   1925,   1931,   1933 and n.d.  1 cover.
325
"Estratto del Movimento Cassa Carrara". Abstract of account concerning Carrara marble.   1932.  1 piece.
326
Financial statements from the "Banca Commerciale Italiana", London, concerning Carrara Marble and Granite Co. Ltd.   1932.  1 cover.
327
"File Tamburrini Papers". Documents concerning Carrara marble.   1933.  1 cover.

DOCUMENTATION

328
Mortuary card in remembrance of Benvenuto Benerecetti.   1908.  1 piece.
329
Press clipping of an article on English music by R.H. Legge .   1914.  1 piece.
330
Muirhead's guide book "Southern Italy", London,   1930. With indications of the spots for an assault on Mussolini . (See last map of Naples, between p. 298-299, and the maps of Rome, after p. 537a, plan-index of Rome).  1 volume.
331
"Wonders of Italy"; A Handbook for Students and Travellers. Florence.   1930. Received from Michele Schirru . With inscription: "To my dear Nemo, as a souvenir for my travel in Italy. Mike".  1 volume.
332
Newspaper articles concerning assaults on Mussolini by anarchists and the conviction of Michele Schirru.   1931-1932.  1 cover.

ANNEX

333
Telegram from Colon Truda Moscow to Daily Herald for Freedom and Workers Friend , London, concerning the death of Peter Kropotkin .   1921.  1 piece.
334
Letter from Augustin Souchy to C. Edwards , London.   1932.  1 piece.

DOCUMENTS FROM OTHER RELATIVES


CAMILLO BERNERI (1897-1937)


Correspondence
335
Letter from D. Anzani .   1935.  1 cover.
336
Letters from Marie Louise Berneri .   1929 and n.d.  1 cover.
337
Letter from N. Chiaromonte .   N.d.  1 piece.
338
Other letters to Camillo Berneri .   1916,   1920 and n.d.  1 cover.

Notes and manuscripts
339
Notes on "La filosofia del diretto".   N.d.  1 cover.
340
Notes on Spain. With press clippings.   1936-1937 and n.d.  1 cover.
341-344
Manuscripts of articles on the catholic church and fascism. With documentation.   1905-1906,   1909,   1926-1927,   1932-1937 and n.d.  4 folders.
341
1909, 1923, 1926-1927, 1933-1937 and n.d.
342
1905-1906, 1930, 1932, 1934-1937 and n.d.
343
1923, 1933-1934 and n.d.
344
1933, 1935-1937 and n.d.
345
Manuscript of the article "La vie culturelle en Catalogne".   N.d.  1 cover.

Documentation
346
Documentation on agricultural reform in several countries.   1906,   1921,   1930,   1935 and n.d.  1 cover.
347
Clippings of articles on the attitude of the catholic church in relation to communism and fascism.   1935-1937 and n.d.  1 cover.
348
Clippings on several other subjects.   1927,   1935 and n.d.  1 cover.

GIOVANNA BERNERI

349
Correspondence.   1929,   1937,   1946,   1948 and n.d.  1 cover.
350
Letters from Marie Louise Berneri .   1935 and   1938.  1 cover.

GILIANE BERNERI

351
Letters from Marie Louise Berneri .   1938.  1 cover.
352
Essays on philosophy, made during her studies.   N.d.  1 cover.
353
Prescription from the North Kensington Women's Welfare Centre, London.   1951.  1 piece.

CONSTANZA RECCHIONI

354
Letters to Constanza Recchioni .   1913,   1934-1936 and n.d.  1 cover.
355
Notebook concerning payments made by N. Tamburrini , as a settlement of an account.   1938-1940, 1945-1947.  1 quire.

VERA BALFOUR-RECCHIONI

356
Letters to Vera Balfour-Recchioni .   1928-1929,   1934-1935.  1 cover.

DOCUMENTS FROM FREEDOM PRESS STAFF MEMBERS


N.B. In future to be added to the Freedom archive.

JOHN HEWETSON

357
Correspondence.   1942 and n.d.  1 cover.
358-359
Manuscripts of articles and lectures. With correspondence, notes and documentation.   1942,   1944,   1948-1949 and n.d.  2 folders.
358
1942, 1944, 1948.
359
1949 and n.d.
360
Manuscript "Genesis Exodus and Hebrews"   N.d.  1 volume.
361
Memorandum concerning an anarchist policy pamphlet on education. Carbon copy.   N.d.  1 cover.

JIM HUGGON

362
Letters from Vernon Richards , mainly on publications and finances of Freedom Press .   1974,   1976-1983.  1 folder.

THOMAS H. KEELL (1866-1938)

363
Letters from Errico Malatesta . With notes from Vernon Richards .   1920,   1922 and n.d.  1 cover.
15-9-1920. 1 p.
21-7-1922. 1 p.

N.B. See also no. 103
364
Letters from Max Nettlau . Copies.   1928-1938.  1 folder.

LILIAN G. WOLFE (1875-1974)

365
Postcard from Errico Malatesta to Thomas and Lilian Keell-Wolfe " Freedom Press ".   1931.  1 piece.
366
Documents concerning the relief of Spanish refugees in Britain. 1938-1939 and   n.d.  1 cover.
367
Christmas card from S. Corio and a written text about Max Nettlau .   1948,   1958.  1 cover.

List of the accrual


GENERAL

368-377
Correspondence.   1945-1946, 1951-1952, 1954-1955, 1963-1969, 1971-1973, 1975-2000 and n.d.  8 boxes and 2 folders.
NB. Contains personal and Freedom Press correspondence and occasionally some bills and notes.
368
1945-1946, 1951-1952, 1954-1955, 1960, 1962-1969, 1971- 1973, 1975-1990.
369
1991-1992.
370
1992-1994.
371
1994-1995.
372
1995-1997.
373
1997-1998.
374
1998-1999.
375
1999-2000.
376
2000. (folder)
377
N.d. (folder)
378-383
Correspondence. Alphabetically arranged.   1985-1992, 1995-2000 and n.d.  6 covers.
378
Chip's Booksearch . 1997- 1999.
379
Enckel, Marianne . 1988-1992, 1995-1996 and n.d.
380
Gangnet, Simone . 1999- 2000.
381
Goossens, Sidonie . 1999- 2000.
382
Jones, Bob . 1985-1990, 1992.
383
Morag . 1999- 2000.
384
Christmas cards and letters.   1999.  1 cover.
385
Lists with names and addresses.   N.d.  1 cover.

PERSONAL

386
List of items for an insurance policy.   1942.  1 piece.
387
Passport.   1960.  1 copy.
388
Personal notes and drawings.   N.d.  1 cover.

PUBLIC LIFE


Authorship

389
Part of the typescript of a book, chapter titled: 'This Government Won't Defend Your Freedom'. pp. 199-217.   1964.  1 cover.
390
Typescript of the introduction for the new edition of Lessons of the Spanish Revolution .   1983.  1 cover.
391
Manuscript of the introduction to the second volume of 'A Weekend Photographer's Notebook' concerning photographs of men, including notes and a photocopy of a letter to Charles.   1998-1999 and n.d.  1 cover.
392
Typescripts and manuscripts of 'Notes on Malatesta and Bakunin'.   N.d.  1 cover.
393-395
Typescripts and manuscripts of articles. Partly photocopies.   1964, 1966, 1972, 1975, 1980, 1992, 1995 and n.d.  1 box and 2 folders.
393
1964, 1966, 1972, 1975, 1980, 1992, 1995.
394
N.d.
395
N.d. (box)
396
Notes.   1954, 1967 and n.d.  1 cover.

Freedom Press


Correspondence
397
Correspondence with Freedom Press office.   1998.  1 cover.
NB. For Freedom Press correspondence see also inv.nos. 368-383.

Typescripts and manuscripts
398
Typescripts of articles for a volume on Peter Kropotkin , including notes and documentation.   1931-1933, 1969, 1977 and n.d.  1 folder.
399
Typescript of the children's book 'La Vache Bleue' (the Blue Cow) by John Olday . French translation by Marie Louise Berneri , including notes by Colin Ward .   1995 and n.d.  1 cover.
400
Typescript of 'Thoughts on Revolution' by Errico Malatesta , edited by Vernon Richards . Partly in print.   N.d.  1 cover.
401-402
Typescripts and manuscripts of articles.   1964, 1966, 1977, 1983, 1988, 1992 and n.d.  2 folders.
401
1964, 1966, 1977, 1983, 1988, 1992.
402
N.d.

Publications
403
Documents concerning the publication of the pamphlet Revolutionary Government by Peter Kropotkin .   1932, 1941 and n.d.  1 cover.
404
Documents concerning the publication of A Weekend Photographers Notebook by Vernon Richards .   1996.  1 cover.
405
Proof of the Anarchy pamphlet of Freedom Press (no. 5754/2911).   N.d.  1 piece.
406
Other documents concerning the publication of Freedom , The Raven and other publications.   1995 and n.d.  1 cover.

Other documents
407
Documents concerning the Marie Louise Berneri Memorial Committee .   1949-1952, 1954.  1 folder.
408
Documents concerning a Freedom readership survey. With a covering letter from Tony Gibson .   1960, 1989.  1 cover.
409
Documents concerning Freedom Press bookshop.   1973, 1975, 1980, 1986, 1993-1994 and n.d.  .
410-411
Documents concerning Friends of Freedom Press .   1975, 1981-1983, 1985-1990 and n.d.  2 folders.
NB. Vernon Richards was secretary of Friends of Freedom Press.
410
1975, 1981-1983, 1985-1986.
411
1987-1990 and n.d.
412-413
Financial documents.   1990-1992, 1994-1995, 1999 and n.d.  2 folders.
412
1990-1992, 1994-1995 and n.d.
413
1999.

Other activities

414
Book cover with a photograph of Sydney Silverman and photocopies of photographs of George Orwell and his adopted son, photographed by Vernon Richards .   1946 and n.d.  1 cover.
NB. Photographs by Vernon Richards and Marie Louise Berneri were transferred to the audiovisual section of the IISH.
415
Notebooks on organized travels.   1965-1967 and n.d.  1 cover.
416
Lists of second hand books, mainly originating from the library of Charles Duff , used for second hand book selling.   c. 1967-1968.  1 cover.

Other documents

417
File on Herbert Read .   1939, 1949, 1951- 1953, 1968-1969 and n.d.  1 cover.
418
The Anarchists in London 1935-1955 . Paper by Albert Meltzer . With notes by Vernon Richards .   1976.  1 copy.
419
Documents concerning an interview with Vernon Richards , including documentation on the Italian anarchist movement and on his father Emidio Recchioni .   1986.  1 cover.

DOCUMENTATION


Reviews

420
Reviews of the publications of Marie Louise Berneri .   1949-1955, 1957, 1959 and n.d.  1 cover.
421
Reviews of Freedom Press publications.   1950, 1954, 1957, 1975-1978, 1983, 1985-1987, 1991-1992, 1995 and n.d.  1 folder.
422
Reviews of the publications of Vernon Richards , including some correspondence.   1965-1966, 1968, 1972, 1978-1979, 1981-1984, 1996 and n.d.  1 folder.
423
Reviews of the publications of Colin Ward .   1976-1977, 1984, 1993 and n.d.  1 cover.
424
Other reviews of books.   1985-1989, 1992-1995 and n.d.  1 cover.

Persons

425
Printed articles in Freedom , mainly on George Orwell . Photocopies.   1947, 1950, 1954-1956.  1 cover.
426
Articles concerning John Olday .   1977.  1 cover.
427
Documentation concerning Louis Mercier Vega .   1977-1978 and n.d.  1 cover.
428
Articles concerning Colin Ward .   1988.  1 cover.
429
Obituaries concerning Jim Allen, Reynold Higgins, Philip Holgate, José Peirats, Philip Sansom and George Woodcock.   1989, 1993, 1995, 1999.  1 cover.

Countries

430
Documentation concerning the Soviet Union .   1939, 1961, 1974-1976, 1978-1983, 1986, 1990, 1994 and n.d.  1 folder.
431
Documentation concerning China .   1976- 1977, 1980-1982, 1989 and n.d.  1 cover.
432
Documentation concerning Hungary .   1977, 1981 and n.d.  1 cover.
433
Documentation concerning Poland .   1978, 1980-1982 and n.d.  1 cover.

Other documentation

434
Documentation on anarchism. Partly photocopies.   1881, 1893, 1911, 1953, 1980, 1984, 1986, 1989, 1993, 1995 and n.d.  1 cover.
435
Clippings of articles and clippings of received letters, including a letter from Vernon Richards , published in Freedom .   1967, 1995 and n.d.  1 cover.
436
Articles on Freedom, Anarchist Weekly .   c. 1972, 1986.  1 cover.
437
Leaflets.   N.d.  1 cover.
438-440
Miscellaneous documentation. Partly photocopies.   1888, 1891, 1900, 1909, 1936-1937, 1939-1940, 1951, 1965-1968, 1975-1983, 1985-1986, 1988, 1990-1995, 1997-2000 and n.d.  3 folders.
438
1888, 1891, 1900, 1909, 1936-1937, 1939-1940, 1951, 1965- 1968, 1975-1979.
439
1980-1983, 1985-1986, 1988, 1990- 1995.
440
1997-2000 and n.d.

DOCUMENTS FROM RELATIVES


Giliane Berneri

441
Letters from Vernon Richards to Giliane Berneri , including letters from Serge Senninger to Giliane Berneri, a letter from ? to Vernon Richards and a covering letter from Serge Senninger to Vernon Richards.   1949-1954, 1999 and n.d.  1 folder.

Marie Louise Berneri


Correspondence
442
Letters from Marie Louise Berneri and some others to Gaston Davoust-Chazé . Photocopies.   1939-1940, 1946, 1953 and n.d.  1 cover.
443
Letters from Marie Louise Berneri to various persons, including documentation. Photocopies.   1937, 1947-1948.  1 cover.
444
Letter from V. Aberghi? to Marie Louise Berneri . In twofold. Photocopies. With notes by Vernon Richards .   N.d.  1 cover.

Manuscripts and notes
445
Personal notes.   1936-1937.  1 cover.
446
Typescript of the article 'Une école Anglaise oú régne la liberté absolue'.   N.d.  1 cover.

Publications
447-448
Printed articles, mainly from Marie Louise Berneri , published in War Commentary , from 1945 in Freedom , including notes by Vernon Richards .   1939-1948.  2 folders.
447
1939-1944.
448
1945-1948.

ANNEX

449
Obituaries on Vernon Richards .   2001.  1 cover.
450
Photo album with family photos, including a letter from Emilie Bunting to Joan Toner (?), notes and a visiting card of E. Knight .   N.d.  1 cover.
LIST OF THE MICROFILMS

(Inv.nos. with * are closed or partly closed. See list of the archive)

Microfilm Inv.nos.
1. 1.
2. 1-2.
3. 2.
4. 3.
5. 4.
6. 5.
7. 6.
8. 7-8.
9. 8-9.
10. 10.
11. 11.
12. 12.
13. 12-13.
14. 14.
15. 14-15.
16. 15-16.
17. 16-17.
18. 17-18.
19. 18.
20. 19.*
21. 19-20.*
22. 20.*
23. 21-22.*
24. 22.*
25. 23.*
26. 23-24.*
27. 24-25.*
28. 25-27.*
29. 28-44.
30. 45-61.
31. 62-65.*
32. 66-69.*
33. 70-82.*
34. 83-87.
35. 88-92.
36. 93.
37. 94.
38. 95.
39. 96-103.
40. 104.
41. 105.
42. 106.
43. 106.
44. 107.
45. 107.
46. 108.
47. 109.
48. 110.
49. 111.
50. 111.
51. 112-117.
52. 118.
53. 119-123.
54. 124-130.
55. 131-140.
56. 141.
57. 142-147.*
58. 148-152.*
59. 153-166.
60. 167-175.
61. 176-180.
62. 181-188.
63. 189-204.
64. 205-210.
65. 211-214.
66. 215-224.
67. 225-228.
68. 229-239.
69. 240-248.
70. 249.
71. 250.
72. 250.
73. 251-263.
74. 264-269.
75. 270-275.
76. 276-284.
77. 285-288.
78. 289-304.
79. 305-320.
80. 321-322.
81. 323-330.
82. 331-342.
83. 343-356.
84. List.

Full table of contents