Vernon Richards Papers
Total size 11.6 m.
Inv.no. 148 is closed for 25 years until 2015
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Recchioni, Vero, later anglicised to Vernon Richards: born in London 1915, died in Hadleigh, Suffolk 2001; civil engineer, anarchist and editor; helped his father with propaganda work against Mussolini; arrested in Paris in January 1935 and extradited from France; in 1936, he published in collaboration with Camillo Berneri a bilingual anarchist and antifascist paper Italia Libera/Free Italy; founded and edited Spain and the World, which became Revolt in 1939, and eventually was followed by War Commentary 1939-1945 and Freedom from 1945; imprisoned for nine months for inciting agitation among soldiers in 1945; editor of Freedom until 1964; continued to run Freedom Press; among his publications are `Lessons of the Spanish Revolution' 1953 and `Errico Malatesta - Life and Ideas' 1965. Berneri, Marie Louise: his first wife, born in Arezzo, Italy 1918, died in London 1949; took part in the publication of Revision Paris; went to Spain in 1936 where her father Camillo Berneri edited Guerra di Classe; returned to Paris to study psychology at the Sorbonne; went again to Spain after the assassination of her father; in October 1937 she went to London to help her companion Vernon Richards with the publication of Spain and the World; member of the group that edited Revolt and then War Commentary and Freedom until her premature death; among her publications are `Journey through Utopia' 1950 and `Neither East nor West' 1952. Recchioni, Emidio: his father, born in Russi near Ravenna, Italy 1864, died in Paris 1934; railroad employee; originally a republican and follower of Giuseppe Mazzini; converted to anarchism in the early 1890s; contributed to Sempre Avanti; founded and edited, with Cesare Agostinelli and others, L'art. 248 Ancona in 1894; arrested in June 1894 in connection with the shooting of Prime Minister Crispi and confined for three years; started with Malatesta and friends L' Agitazione Ancona in 1897; soon arrested again and sent back to the prison isles, but managed to escape; emigrated to England in 1900; stayed involved in all Italian anarchist publications published in Ancona before and during the First World War; contributor to La Protesta and L' Adunata dei refrattari and other papers, mainly under his pen name Nemo; organized and financed a number of attempts on Mussolini.
Vernon Richards papers: correspondence relating to Freedom, 1924, 1933-1987 and n.d., including some personal letters, with Camillo Berneri, Gerald Brenan, Havelock Ellis, Emma Goldman, Jim Huggon and Steve Sorba, August John, Max Nettlau, George Orwell, Sylvia Pankhurst, Herbert Read, Raffaele Schiavina and many other anarchists mainly from France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy and the USA; personal papers relating to education, study, finance, family members, memberships and business activities 1926-1983; manuscripts of articles and books, including `Malatesta - Life and Ideas' and `Lessons of the Spanish Revolution', with some other documents; manuscripts and notes by Camillo Berneri, Max Nettlau and others 1858-1984; manuscripts of translations, including `Kropotkin's The State - Its Historic Role' and Gaston Leval's `Collectives in the Spanish Revolution' by (1937) 1969, 1973-1975, 1978; files relating to Freedom Press, including minutes of meetings 1946-1948, 1965-1967; documents relating to organization, finance and premisis, partly also concerning Spain and the World and Revolt 1936-1984; manuscripts by various authors; documents on publishing activities, the Freedom bookshop, a conflict with the Anarchist Federation Group 1941-1946, the prosecution of Freedom members on charges of conspiracy 1940-1941, 1944-1945; documents relating to a protest meeting against political trials in Spain 1952, including single letters from Benjamin Brittan, Fenner Brockway, E.M. Foster, Aldous Huxley, Lewis Mumford and Bertrand Russell; documents on other subjects and printed material. Marie Louise Berneri papers: correspondence with anarchists 1936, 1938-1949, including Volin (pseudonym of Vsevelod M. Eichenbaum); letters from her mother Giovanna Berneri 1937, 1939 and from Vernon Richards 1945; diaries 1934, 1939, 1947-1949; documents relating to education and study 1933-1936; manuscript of `Workers in Stalin's Russia' 1941-1945 and of articles and speeches 1937-1938, 1940-1943; notes 1929, 1935-1944, 1949; documentation 1932-1947; letters by Marie Louise Berneri to her grandmother Aldalgisa Berneri-Fochi 1947-1949. Emidio Recchioni papers: letters received from Luigi Fabbri, Carlo Frigero, Luigi Galleani, Errico Malatesta, Max Nettlau, Raffaele Schiavina (1904-) 1921-1934; notebooks kept during his illness 1934; manuscripts of articles 1921 and n.d.; financial documents relating to his Italian produce store `King Bomba' in London 1917-1919 and Carrara marble trading 1925, 1931-1933; some documents concerning Michele Schirru's attempt on Mussolini and Recchioni's involvement 1930-1932. Papers of other relatives: papers of Camillo Berneri (1897-1937) consisting of letters received by Berneri 1916, 1920, 1929, 1935, manuscripts of articles primarily on the catholic church and fascism 1905-1906, 1909, 1926-1927, 1932-1937, notes on Spain 1936-1937, printed material; papers of Giovanna Berneri, Giliane Berneri, Constanza Recchioni, Vera Balfour-Recchioni.
Correspondence relating to Freedom Press, including personal correspondence 1945-2000; correspondence with Chip's Booksearch 1997-1999, Marianne Enckel 1988-1996, Simone Gangnet 1999-2000, Sidonie Goossens 1999-2000, Bob Jones 1985-1992, Morag 1999-2000; passport and other personal documents 1942, 1960; typescripts and manuscripts of his books and articles 1964-1999; correspondence with Freedom Press office 1998; typescripts and manuscripts of books and articles to be published by Freedom Press, including notes and documentation 1931-1933, 1964-1995; documents concerning the publication of books, pamphlets and the periodicals Freedom, The Raven and other publications 1932, 1941, 1995-1996; documents concerning the Marie Louise Berneri Memorial Committee 1949-1952, 1954, a Freedom readership survey 1960, Freedom Press bookshop 1973-1994, Friends of Freedom Press 1975-1990; financial documents of Freedom Press 1990-1999; documents concerning his activities as photographer, secondhand bookseller and tour guide 1946-1968; file on Herbert Read and other documents 1939-1969; documentation on reviews of his publications and of others 1949-1996, on persons, including George Orwell and Colin Ward 1947-1999, on communist countries 1939-1994, on anarchism and other documentation 1881-2000.
Papers of other relatives: papers of Giliane Berneri 1949-1954, 1999; papers of Marie Louise Berneri (1918-1949), including correspondence 1937-1948, typescript and personal notes 1936-1937, printed articles, published in War Commentary and Freedom 1939-1948.
List made by Tiny de Boer in 1990, 2002
Secondary creatorRecchioni, Emidio. Berneri, Marie Louise.
Alternate Form of Material
Security microfilms 1990.
The papers of
bought in 1987 and transferred to the International Institute of Social History
They contained not only the archive of Vernon Richards himself, but also papers of his companion Marie Louise Berneri , his father Emidio Recchioni , and the papers of some other relatives and staff members of Freedom Press , to which Vernon Richards dedicated the larger part of his life.
BIOGRAPHICAL AND HISTORICAL DATA
VERNON RICHARDS (1915-2001)
, later anglicised to
, was born in London in 1915 as the son of
the Italian refugees Emidio and
He began his political career helping his father with propaganda work against Mussolini 's fascist system. He was arrested in Paris in 1935 and expelled from France. Early in 1936 he published in collaboration with Camillo Berneri , a bilingual anarchist and antifascist paper Italia Libera/Free Italy . He founded and edited Spain and the World , which became Revolt in 1939. Later is was called War Commentary (1939-1945) and then Freedom , from 1945.
In 1945 Vernon Richards was accused of inciting agitation among soldiers and was sentenced to nine months imprisonment along with Philip Sansom and John Hewetson .
From 1949 until 1952 he was a member of the Freedom Press Group. He was the editor of Freedom from 1952 until 1964. After he retired from the editorship, he continued to manage Freedom Press financially. He wrote many books and articles on anarchist topics and translated some books from the French and Italian into English. Trained as a civil engineer he was employed during the Second World War by Caffin & Co. Ltd as engineer/agent on several contracts, mostly for the Main Line Railway Companies (1).
From 1968 he worked as a commercial gardener. He also lead tours, did photography and was engaged in his father's wine and pasta store "King Bomba" in London.
MARIE LOUISE BERNERI (1918-1949)
Marie Louise Berneri
was born in
1918 in Arezzo, Italy. She was a member of a well-known anarchist family. Her
was a leading theoretician of the
Italian anarchist movement. Because he refused to accept the demands laid upon
the teaching profession by the Fascists the family left Italy and went into
exile in France.
Marie Louise Berneri soon became involved in the anarchist movement and took part in the publication of Révision in Paris with a group of French militants. In 1936 she went to Spain where Camillo Berneri edited Guerra di Classe . She returned to Paris to study psychology at the Sorbonne but went back to Spain after the assassination of her father in 1937 during the Spanish Civil War.
Later in 1937 she moved to London to help her companion Vernon Richards with the publication of Spain and the World . She became a member of the group that edited Revolt , which was later renamed War Commentary and Freedom (from 1945 on). In order to escape from the wandering expatriate existence of a political refugee she married Vernon Richards (2). She wrote books, pamphlets, articles, editorials and reviews and edited anarchist publications. She also organized meetings, initiated weekly lectures and sold the papers and pamphlets in the Freedom bookshop, during meetings and in the streets. She maintained an extensive correspondence with anarchists in Europe and South America and played a leading role in the anarchist movement in England. In 1949 she died at an early age.
EMIDIO RECCHIONI (1864-1934)
' father, was born in
Russi near Ravenna, Italy in 1864. He was employed as a railroad-employee.
Originally a republican and follower of
he was converted to anarchism in the early 1890s by
He started to write, in particular satirical and polemical articles on local subjects for the anarchist press, mainly Sempre Avanti . With Agostinelli and others he founded and edited L'art. 248 in 1894.
In June 1894 he was arrested in connection with the shooting of the Italian Prime Minister Crispi and eventually confined to three years in prison. Released in March 1897 he started together with Errico Malatesta and friends L'Agitazione in Ancona. Soon he was arrested again and was sent to the prison isles from which he managed to escape (3).
Having lost his job at the railroad company he emigrated to England in 1900 ( 4), and started a wine and pasta store in London named "King Bomba", in memory of the notorious tyrant of Naples, King Ferdinand II (5). He also traded in Carrara marble.
He was involved in all Italian anarchist publications published before and during the First World War and was also a regular contributor to La Protesta and L'Adunata dei refrattari, mainly under his pen name Nemo. He organized and financed a number of attempts on Mussolini .
He died in Paris in 1934.
FREEDOM AND FREEDOM PRESS
was originally founded in October
1886 by a group of people which included Peter
who lived in Britain from 1886 to 1917 and was a frequent contributor until the
First World War. Other foreign exiles were also involved, but the group
consisted mainly of native activists and was run for the major part of its
ceased to appear in 1927 he moved
Whiteway Colony near Stroud and ran it from there publishing at irregular
Bulletin between 1928 to 1932. A rival
(New Series) was published from 1930
to 1936 by a group of opponents.
A second period in the history of the Freedom Press began in 1936 at the time of the Spanish Civil War. The achievements of the Spanish anarchist movement resulted in a revival of activity amongst anarchists and considerable interest and sympathy in a broader part of the general public.
In 1936 therefore Spain and the World was set up at the initiative of Vernon Richards and was supported by Marie Louise Berneri and some members of the old group. After Tom Keell 's death in 1938, Freedom and Spain and the World were combined.
In 1939 a few months after the collapse in Spain the periodical appeared under the new title Revolt , with Vernon Richards still a editor, but several others as co-editors. The last issue of this paper appeared on June 3rd 1939.
Two months after the outbreak of war, November 1939, the first issue of War Commentary appeared, which had been founded by Vernon Richards , Albert Meltzer and Marie Louise Berneri .
As one of the former co-editors of Revolt Tom Brown was asked to join and later, as they entered the movement, John Hewetson and George Woodcock were also invited. In 1945 War Commentary changed its name back to Freedom , which it has retained ever since.
Freedom Press issued several other periodicals, notably the monthly magazine Anarchy during the 1960s, and also a large number of pamphlets and books, including reprints and anthologies of anarchist classics and a new quarterly magazine The Raven, whose first issue appeared in November 1986.
The work of running Freedom Press came under several headings: Office administration, editing, publishing, distribution and finances (6) and was done on a voluntary basis. Neither the staff nor the authors of the publications received any payment. Staff and editors had often been harassed by the authorities and the editors had been imprisoned for opposing both world wars. Freedom Press changed its premises many times (7).
Freedom Press publications were printed by Express Printers. In 1981 Aldgate Press was launched with funds from the Friends of Freedom Press and operated as an autonomous commercial printing partnership (8).
The Freedom Bookshop has been the main outlet for anarchist literature as well as a selection of relevant non-anarchist titles.
The documents from
(no. 1-267) on the one hand and
Marie Louise Berneri
, other relatives and
members (no. 268-367) on the other hand have been entered into separate
In some cases though a strict separation proved not to be possible. Cross references have been made in these instances. Apart from this, the existing order has been maintained as far as possible, although inconsistencies have been corrected. Some remarks should be made as to the nature of the documents within the different sections.
Although Vernon Richards ' papers mainly consist of Freedom Press material resulting from his work as editor and treasurer, personal papers were mixed in with these. In particular this was the case in the correspondence (no. 1-27) which contains personal as well as Freedom Press letters and some letters to others, i.e. his second wife Dorothy (Peta) Hewetson. Occasionally some bills, notes and bank statements may be found between the letters. Time did not allow a more rigorous split.
Also the documents under the heading "Documentation" probably partly concern Freedom Press documentation, while another part may have been collected by Vernon Richards personally.
In 1984 the institute received photocopies of letters and manuscripts from Vernon Richards . Although the originals of these documents have been received by the institute in 1988, these photocopies have been entered into an annex because they partly contain notes made by Vernon Richards .
The documents of the Freedom Defense Committee have been separated from the archives and added to the Freedom Defense Committee archive.
Books, pamphlets, periodicals and a series of 38 volumes of the Reclus ' Universal Geography have been brought to the institutes' library.
Photographs and posters have been taken to the audiovisual department of the institute.
The archives measure 9.25 meter.
1) See no. 50.
2) "Letter to the Past; An Autobiography" by George Woodcock, p. 246.
3) Max Nettlau collection no. 118: Manuscript "Die italienische anarchistische Bewegung von 1894 bis 1900"
4) Studi Sociali , 16-5-1934.
5) "Letter to the Past; An Autobiography" by George Woodcock, p. 246.
6) See no. 134.
7) Freedom Centenary Edition. "A Hundred Years; October 1886 to October 1986". Vol.47, nr.9. 1986, London.
8) Freedom. Centenary Edition. "A Hundred Years; October 1886 to October 1986". Vol.47, nr.9. 1986, London. p. 27.
Marie Louise Berneri
; A Tribute. Published by the Marie
Louise Berneri Memorial Committee, 1949, London;
Freedom. Centenary Edition. A Hundred years; October 1886 to October 1986. Vol. 47, no.9. 1986, London. (IISH );
Freedom Press. Leaflet. Published by the Friends of Freedom Press. N.d. (IISH Bro An 1485/185);
Woodcock, G. Letter to the Past; An Autobiography. 1982. Ontario, Canada. (IISH 351/72).
INTRODUCTION TO ACCRUAL
In June 2001 the IISH received an accrual to the papers of Vernon Richards . He died later that year in Hadleigh on December 10, 2001, aged 86.
The papers mainly consist of Freedom Press and personal correspondence. Besides the papers there are some personal documents, manuscripts and typescripts of his publications, manuscripts and typescripts and other Freedom Press documents, some documents of his other activities, documentation on reviews of publications, documentation on persons, countries and other documentation.
The papers also contain documents from Giliane Berneri and Marie Louise Berneri (wife of Vernon Richards). In the annex obituaries on Vernon Richards and a photo album from Joan Toner (?) can be found.
Photographs were transferred to the audiovisual section of the IISH.
The size of the accrual is 2,25 m.
L I S T
VERNON RICHARDS (1915-2001)
- Correspondence. 1924, 1934-1940, 1942, 1944-1987 and n.d. 25 boxes and 2 folders.
17-2-1933. 2 p. 28-4-1933. 2 p. 19-8-1933. 2 p. 5-7-1939. 1 p. 25-7-1939. 1 p. 2-8-1939. 1 p.
- Correspondence, mainly with Jim Huggon and Steve [Sorba] . 1979-1983 and n.d. 2 folders.
15-4-1935. 1 p.
29-4-1935. 1 p.
n.d. 1 p.
22-6-1935. 1 p.
12-8-1935. 1 p.
3-10-1935. 2 p.
16-12-1935. 1 p.
30-3-1936. 1 p.
18-12-1935. 1 p. With a postcard from P. Reclus to Nettlau .
15-12-1935. 1 p.
18-6-1936. 2 p.
2-7-1936. 2 p.
30-7-1936. 1 p.
5-10-1936. 2 p.
11-10-1936. 5 p. With notes from M. Nettlau .
23-10-1936. 2 p.
21-11-1936. 3 p.
30-11-1936. 2 p.
2-12-1936. 2 p.
5-12-1936. 1 p.
8-1-1937. 1 p.
n.d. 2 p.
23-2-1937. 2 p.
26-3-1937. 2 p. With a carbon copy of a letter from V. Richards. n.d. 2 p.
19-7-1937. 6 p.
13-7-1937. 2 p.
29-7-1937. 4 p.
22-4-1937. 3 p.
15-11-1937. 1 p.
n.d. 1 p.
n.d. 1 p. 27-9-1938. 1 p.
1949 and n.d.
With letters from the Library of the University College, London
concerning the use of the
letters for a book.
1968 and n.d.
6-8-1946. 1 p.
10-3-1949. 1 p.
7-4-1949. 1 p.
13-4-1949. 1 p.
22-6-1949. 1 p.
N.d. 1 p.
E. Sylvia Pankhurst
6-3-1936. 1 p.
20-5-1937. 3 p.
24-5-1937. 1 p.
28-6-1937. 4 p.
23-7-1937. 2 p.
N.B. See also no. 1-27
- Mathematical notes and the cover of an exercise book from the Emanuel School, Wandsworth Common. n.d. 1 cover.
- Certificate from the "Grand Concours Annuel de Langue et de Littérature Française", London. 1934. 1 piece.
- Documents, mainly concerning financial settlements with Constanza Recchioni , the settlement of the heritage from Constanza Recchioni and financial transactions made for Vera Balfour-Recchioni . 1932, 1935-1947, 1955-1958. 2 covers.
- Insurance policies, mainly concerning private- and Freedom Press insurances. With correspondence. 1951-1952, 1956-1966, 1969-1970. 1 folder.
- Correspondence with the Inspector of Taxes, mainly concerning the maintenance of Vera Balfour-Recchioni 's children and concerning Vernon Richards ' activities as a market gardener. 1959, 1963-1983. 4 folders.
- Documents concerning the selling of Charles Duff's books by V. Richards . 1967-1968. 2 folders.
- Documents concerning the selling of 17 Maxwell Road, the purchase of 84 Whitechapel Highstreet and the purchase and alteration of "The Golden Pightle", Evans Heath, Polstead. 1967-1969. 2 folders.
- Membership book from the London Co-operative Society. With a receipt for entrance fee. 1947. 1 cover.
- Documents concerning a complaint by Dachine Rainer against the Westminster City Council on the accusation of maladministration. 1972-1974, 1976-1981. 6 folders..
- Manuscripts of articles. With correspondence and documentation. 1944, , 1949-1950, 1953-1964, 1967 and n.d. 4 boxes and 3 folders.
- Manuscript of an article about Lilian Wolfe on the occasion of her 90th birthday. With the text of an interview with her and the announcement of her death in 1974. 1972, 1974 and n.d. 1 cover.
"Malatesta - Life and Ideas". English and Italian version. With
correspondence, notes, proofs and documentation.
3 boxes and 2 folders.
1968 and n.d.
Contains also: Documentation and manuscript from Camillo Berneri.
Contains also: Text on Errico Malatesta by Max Nettlau; postcards and letters from Errico Malatesta to Thomas H. Keell and Lilian Wolfe.
Contains also: Letters from Errico Malatesta to Emidio Recchioni and notes from Camillo Berneri.
"Lessons of the Spanish Revolution". With correspondence, notes,
proofs and documentation.
1951-1954, 1972 and n.d.
Contains also: File "Clera Fascista" from Camillo Berneri ; manuscripts and notes from Camillo Berneri and Marie Louise Berneri; Letters to Emma Goldman ; Statement by Emma Goldman concerning the assignment of her heirs; Statement from the Generalitat de Catalunya concerning Emma Goldman ; Circular letter from the Committee Sustaining Fund for Emma Goldman ; Lecture notes from John Hewetson ; Documents on Charles Duff ; Letter from G. Michaud probably to Camillo Berneri ; Request-letter to Benito Mussolini from J.B. Madasiaga ; Manuscript of an article by Avelino Gonzale-Mallada.
Contains also: Manuscripts from various authors; Notes from Marie Louise Berneri; Emma Goldman correspondence.
1937-1939 and n.d.
Contains also: Emma Goldman correspondence; Manuscripts from various authors; Notes from Marie Louise Berneri and Camillo Berneri .
1939-1952 and n.d.
Contains also: Manuscripts from various authors and notes from Marie Louise Berneri.
- Manuscript " Kropotkin 's The State - Its Historic Role", translated from the French: "L' Etat - Son Role Historique" ( 1897 ). With proofs. 1969 and n.d. 2 folders.
- Manuscript " Malatesta 's L' Anarchia", translated from the Italian: "L' Anarchia" ( 1891 ). 1973. 1 folder.
- Manuscript "Collectives in the Spanish Revolution", translated from the French: "Espagne Libertaire" by Gaston Leval . With correspondence, contracts and documentation. ( 1937 ), 1973-1975 and n.d. 1 box and. 4 folders.
- Manuscript "The Impossibilities of Social Democracy". With correspondence. 1978. 2 folders.
- Manuscript "Protest Without Illusions". With correspondence. 1981 and n.d. 3 folders.
EDITORSHIP FREEDOM PRESS
N.B. For Freedom Press correspondence see no. 17 and 26871.
N.B. See also no. 144
- Certificates of the Registration of Business Names for Express Printers and The Aldgate Press. 1943, 1958. 2 pieces.
- Articles of Association of Friends of Freedom Press Ltd. With names, addresses and descriptions of the subscribers. 3 photocopies. 1981. 1 cover.
N.B. See also no. 362
- Statements of accounts, balance sheets and reports on Spain and the World , Spain and the World Orphans and Refugees, Revolt , Express printers and Freedom Press . 1936-1940, 1942-1950, 1953-1957. 1 volume and 1 folder.
- Financial notes and invoices from Express Printers to Freedom Press . 1947-1948, 1951-1952 and n.d. 1 folder.
- Documents concerning a court case in 1981 over a legacy from Josephine Toner, left to Freedom Press . With annexes. 1947, 1964, 1966-1969, 1978-1984. 1 box.
- Documents concerning a disagreement between Express Printers and The Jewish Weekly about the payment of rent. 1949-1951. 1 cover.
- Financial notes, mainly on lent money to several persons and to Express Printers. 1954, 1956-1957 and n.d. 1 cover.
- Correspondence concerning the financial situation and the organization of Freedom Press and Express Printers. With notes. 1960-1966. 1 cover.
- Bank statements from the Credit Lyonnais, London, to Vernon Richards , to Dorothy Hewetson, to John C. Hewetson trading as Freedom Press . With correspondence and financial notes. 1971-1982. 3 folders.
N.B. See also no. 69-70 and 215-216
Manuscripts from various authors
- "Neither East Nor West" by Marie Louise Berneri . With proofs and clippings. 1939-1948, 1951-1952 and n.d. 3 folders.
- Manuscripts of the articles "Les événements dans le Sud" and "Le facteur Kurde ou la tragédie caricaturale" by Damashki. N.d. 1 cover.
- Manuscript of the article "A Radical Theoretician Treats the Subject of Fascism" by Arnold H. Kamiat . C. 1941. 1 cover.
- Manuscripts of the articles "Le Dante Alighieri", "L'attentato di Roma" and "La politica parlamentare nel movimente socialista" by Errico Malatesta. N.d. 1 cover.
- Manuscript of the article "La situation politique et sociale des musulmans d'Alg.eacute;rie" by N. Molinsy Fabregas . 1944. 1 cover.
- Manuscript of the article " Errico Malatesta - Rough Outlines of his Life up till 1920 " by Max Nettlau . With corrections and additions (published in Freedom , oct.-nov. 1920 ) Photocopy. N.d. 1 cover.
- Manuscripts of the articles "Les étudiants Argentins résistent à la 'formation politique' que leur impose le gouvernement Péron", "Une tactique antianarchiste", "Le troisième front", "Deux mots à nos adversaires", "Un jour viendra", "Bilan d'un demi-siècle d'évolution dans la structure de la France (1900-1950)", "Notes sur la dualité des pouvoirs dans la révolution" and "Même un simple soldat auraut du^ désobéir aux ordres qu'il savait pertinemment être contraires aux intérêts du pais" by André Prudhommeaux . 1951 and n.d. 1 cover.
- Manuscript of the article "An Anarchist's Comment on the New Structure of the Anarchist Federation of Spain (FAI)" by Pierre Ramus . N.d. 1 cover.
- Manuscripts of the articles "The Utopian Mentality" and "The Ape of Hitler" by Herbert Read . N.d. 1 cover.
- Manuscripts of the articles "Vor dem Siege" and "The Tragic Week in May".  by Augustin Souchy . N.d. 1 cover.
- Manuscript of the essay "Makhno. Contribution aux études sur l'énigme de la personnalité" by Volin . 3 versions. 1945 and n.d. 1 cover.
- Manuscripts of articles on George Orwell by George Woodcock . With documentation. 1949-1951, 1955, 1960 and N.d. 1 folder.
N.B. See also no. 362
- Correspondence with the Rocker Publications Committee, Los Angeles. With notes. 1947-1948. 1 cover.
- Correspondence with Routledge and Kegan Paul Ltd., London. 1947, 1950-1960, 1971-1972, 1975. 1 cover.
- Correspondence with the editor of the Journal of Sex Education , London. With notes. 1948-1949, 1951 and n.d. 1 cover.
- Correspondence with the Vineyard Press Ltd.,Colchester. With notes and invoices. 1976-1978 and n.d. 1 cover.
- Lists and pamphlets of Freedom Press publications. 1947, 1963, 1966, 1969-1970, 1980, 1982, 1984 and n.d. 1 cover.
- Documents concerning the "Marie Louise Berneri Memorial Committee". 1949-1950, 1952 and n.d. 1 cover.
- "Colonialism on Trial; Selected Articles from the Anarchist Weekly Freedom ". Vol. 3. 1953. Published by Freedom Press. 1954. Incomplete. 1 volume.
- Documents concerning an ideological dispute between Vernon Richards and J. García Pradas in a number of articles in España Libre . 1954-1955, 1976 and n.d. 2 folders.
- Clippings of articles and published letters in Freedom . With notes. 1962-1964 and n.d. 1 cover.
- Documents concerning an ideological dispute between Vernon Richards and M. Mantovani , director of Umanita Nova , Rome. 1965-1966. 1 cover.
- Ledgers concerning the sale to bookshops. 1943-1944, 1961-1967. 2 volumes.
- Notebook concerning the sold books, pamphlets and periodicals. With drafts of letters. 1949 and n.d. 1 quire.
Other Freedom Press documents
- Reviews of books and articles. 1938-1939, 1941-1942, 1946, 1948-1954, 1956, 1959-1961, 1970-1971, 1974 and 1986. 1 folder.
- Documents concerning a conflict between the Freedom Press Group and the Anarchist Federation Group . 1941-1946. 3 folders.
- Documents concerning a lawsuit on account of an accusation of conspiracy by the Central Criminal Court against Vernon Richards , Marie Louise Berneri , John Hewetson and Philip Sansom , including documents concerning a police raid on the Freedom Press premises. 1940-1941, 1944-1945 and n.d. 2 folders.
Documents concerning a
protest meeting organized by
political trials in Spain.
With letters from a.o.:
Benjamin Britten. N.d.
Fenner Brockway. 5-3-1952.
Michael Foot. 10-3-1952.
E.M. Forster. 6-3-1952.
Aldous Huxley. 25-3-1952. (telegram)
Julian Huxley. 16-3-1952.
Augustus John. 8-3-1952.
Lewis Mumford. 20-3-1952.
Herbert Read. 22-3-1952 and n.d.
Bertrand Russell. 24-3-1952 and n.d.
- Documents concerning a donation on the occasion of Lilian Wolfe 's 90th birthday. 1965-1966. 1 cover.
- Documents concerning a controversy between the Freedom Collective and Aldgate Press. 1983-1984. 1 cover.
N.B. See also no. 1-27, 62 and 57-58
N.B. See also no. 1-27
- Documents concerning tours conducted for "The Wayfarers Travel Agency Ltd.". 1958-1968 and n.d. 3 folders.
- Press clippings of the article " Emidio Recchioni ", published in Studi Sociali , March 16, 1934, with reference to his death. 1934. 1 piece.
- "Cartas cruzadas". Copies of a correspondence between Indalecio Prieto and Juan Negrin . 1939. 1 cover.
- Clippings on the imprisonment of Vernon Richards , John Hewetson and Philip Sansom for agitation among soldiers. 1945. 1 volume and 1 cover..
- Documentation on crime and punishment. 1929, 1941-1948 and n.d. 3 folders.
- Press clipping of the article "Le stregonerie della scienza. Pazzi per i reggitori del futuro stato mondiale gli nomini che penseranno con la propria testa" by Giovanna Berneri , published in Il Lavoro Nuovo , 26-3-1957. With notes from Giovanna Berneri . 1 piece.
- Documentation on Cuba. 1959-1965 and n.d. 2 boxes.
- "Mensaje de la Confederación Nacional del Trabajo de España". Pamphlet from the Comite Nacional. 1963. 1 quire.
- "Goal". Article by John Hewetson , published in the British Medical Journal , Vol. 285, 25 Sept. 1982. Photocopy. 1 cover.
- Frontline Info. Publications on resistance in the Netherlands. Typewritten. Circa 1986. 1 cover.
- Manuscript of a novel situated in Paris. With remarks from "Scrutator". Unknown handwriting. 1932. 1 folder.
Letter from H. to
N.B. Probably originating from the selling of Charles Duff's books by Vernon Richards . See no. 67-68.
MARIE LOUISE BERNERI (1918-1949)
- Letters from the detained Spanish republicans at Hall o' the Hill Camp near Chorley, England. With documentation. 1945-1946 and n.d. 1 folder.
- Correspondence with the Sécretariat Provisoire Rélations Internationales. With a report, notes and press clippings concerning the 3rd congress of the Fédération Anarchiste . 1946-1948. 1 cover.
- Letters from Serge Senninger . With a handwritten table of contents of the book "Manifeste du mouvement anarchiste". 1946. 1 cover.
- Notebook and diary of Marie Louise Berneri , 1939, and on the reverse side diary of Vernon Richards . 1949 and n.d. 1 quire.
- "Workers in Stalin's Russia". With documentation. 1922, 1941-1945 and n.d. 3 folders.
- Notebooks on several subjects, also used by Vernon Richards . 1929, 1937, 1943-1944 and n.d. 1 folder.
- Notebook with booktitles. With texts of poems by Serge Senninger , Patrick Waldberg and Helman. 1935-1944. 1 folder.
- List of the "Friday Night Lectures". With names, dates and subjects and of lectures held by Marie Louise Berneri . 1941-1942. 1 cover.
- Documentation on anarchism, anarchists and authorities. With notes. 1932, 1934, 1938-1942, 1945, 1947 and n.d. 1 cover.
- Letters from M.L. Berneri to "Nonna", Fochi Berneri , returned to Vernon Richards after M.L. Berneri 's death. 1947-1949. 1 cover.
EMIDIO RECCHIONI (1864-1934)
N.B. See also no. 322
Letters and a postcard from
1926, 1928-1929, 1933-1934.
22-4-1926. 2 p.
16-5-1926. 2 p.
24-11-1926. 1 p.
3-7-1928. 1 p.
10-7-1928. 1 p.
6-7-1929. 1 p.
3-4-1933. 3 p.
Letters from Adalgisa Fochi.
"29" 1 p.
"4 ott" 1 p.
"17 ott" 1 p.
"20 ott" 1 p.
N.d. 1 p.
Letters and postcards from
7-4-1923. 1 p.
27-3-1924. 1 p.
28-5-1924. 1 p.
14-6-1924. 1 p.
10-5-1925. 2 p.
7-6-1925. 2 p.
14-11-1928. 1 p.
12-6-1931. 1 p.
Letters and postcards from
20-12-1923. 1 p.
1-6-1925. 1 p.
24-12-1928. 1 p.
2-5-1929. 4 p.
- Correspondence concerning "Mimi" (Evelyn), daughter of Dolores Grau . With a negative of a photograph. 1925-1926 and n.d. 1 cover.
Letters from Sidney Greville,
Buckingham Palace and St. James's Palace.
4-4-1903. 1 p.
2-4-1904. 1 p.
4-4-1907. 1 p.
Postcards and a letter from
19-12-1923. 1 p.
3-12-1928. 1 p.
22-12-1931. 1 p.
N.B. See also no. 104
- Draft of a letter to Errico Malatesta . With notes from Vernon Richards . 1923 and n.d. 1 cover.
Letters and a postcard from
12-8-1924. 1 p.
18-8-1924. 1 p.
20-2-1925. 2 p.
24-5-1926. 2 p.
9-12-1926. 2 p.
9-11-1928. 3 p.
23-9-1929. 2 p.
29-9-1931. 1 p.
19-12-1931. 1 p.
5-8-1932. 2 p.
10-8-1932. 1 p.
26-9-1932. 1 p.
5-10-1932. 2 p.
13-11-1932. 1 p.
30-7-1933. 1 p.
Letters and postcards from
27-11-1924. 3 p.
28-12-1924. 10 p.
12-1-1925. 9 p.
26-5-1925. 1 p.
6-6-1925. 1 p.
27-6-1925. 8 p.
11-7-1932. 3 p.
20-9-1933. 6 p.
- Documents concerning the "Rigo Settlement", containing a declaration from his cousin Rigo Recchioni. 1925, 1931, 1933 and n.d. 1 cover.
- "Estratto del Movimento Cassa Carrara". Abstract of account concerning Carrara marble. 1932. 1 piece.
- Financial statements from the "Banca Commerciale Italiana", London, concerning Carrara Marble and Granite Co. Ltd. 1932. 1 cover.
- Muirhead's guide book "Southern Italy", London, 1930. With indications of the spots for an assault on Mussolini . (See last map of Naples, between p. 298-299, and the maps of Rome, after p. 537a, plan-index of Rome). 1 volume.
- "Wonders of Italy"; A Handbook for Students and Travellers. Florence. 1930. Received from Michele Schirru . With inscription: "To my dear Nemo, as a souvenir for my travel in Italy. Mike". 1 volume.
DOCUMENTS FROM OTHER RELATIVES
CAMILLO BERNERI (1897-1937)
Notes and manuscripts
- Manuscripts of articles on the catholic church and fascism. With documentation. 1905-1906, 1909, 1926-1927, 1932-1937 and n.d. 4 folders.
- Documentation on agricultural reform in several countries. 1906, 1921, 1930, 1935 and n.d. 1 cover.
- Clippings of articles on the attitude of the catholic church in relation to communism and fascism. 1935-1937 and n.d. 1 cover.
DOCUMENTS FROM FREEDOM PRESS STAFF MEMBERS
N.B. In future to be added to the Freedom archive.
- Manuscripts of articles and lectures. With correspondence, notes and documentation. 1942, 1944, 1948-1949 and n.d. 2 folders.
THOMAS H. KEELL (1866-1938)
. With notes from
1922 and n.d.
15-9-1920. 1 p.
21-7-1922. 1 p.
N.B. See also no. 103
LILIAN G. WOLFE (1875-1974)
- Postcard from Errico Malatesta to Thomas and Lilian Keell-Wolfe " Freedom Press ". 1931. 1 piece.
List of the accrual
1945-1946, 1951-1952, 1954-1955, 1963-1969, 1971-1973, 1975-2000 and
8 boxes and 2 folders.
NB. Contains personal and Freedom Press correspondence and occasionally some bills and notes.
- Correspondence. Alphabetically arranged. 1985-1992, 1995-2000 and n.d. 6 covers.
- Part of the typescript of a book, chapter titled: 'This Government Won't Defend Your Freedom'. pp. 199-217. 1964. 1 cover.
- Typescript of the introduction for the new edition of Lessons of the Spanish Revolution . 1983. 1 cover.
- Manuscript of the introduction to the second volume of 'A Weekend Photographer's Notebook' concerning photographs of men, including notes and a photocopy of a letter to Charles. 1998-1999 and n.d. 1 cover.
- Typescripts and manuscripts of articles. Partly photocopies. 1964, 1966, 1972, 1975, 1980, 1992, 1995 and n.d. 1 box and 2 folders.
Typescripts and manuscripts
- Typescripts of articles for a volume on Peter Kropotkin , including notes and documentation. 1931-1933, 1969, 1977 and n.d. 1 folder.
- Typescript of the children's book 'La Vache Bleue' (the Blue Cow) by John Olday . French translation by Marie Louise Berneri , including notes by Colin Ward . 1995 and n.d. 1 cover.
- Typescript of 'Thoughts on Revolution' by Errico Malatesta , edited by Vernon Richards . Partly in print. N.d. 1 cover.
- Documents concerning the publication of the pamphlet Revolutionary Government by Peter Kropotkin . 1932, 1941 and n.d. 1 cover.
- Documents concerning the publication of A Weekend Photographers Notebook by Vernon Richards . 1996. 1 cover.
- Documents concerning a Freedom readership survey. With a covering letter from Tony Gibson . 1960, 1989. 1 cover.
Friends of Freedom Press
1985-1990 and n.d.
NB. Vernon Richards was secretary of Friends of Freedom Press.
Book cover with a photograph
and photocopies of photographs of
and his adopted son, photographed by
1946 and n.d.
NB. Photographs by Vernon Richards and Marie Louise Berneri were transferred to the audiovisual section of the IISH.
- The Anarchists in London 1935-1955 . Paper by Albert Meltzer . With notes by Vernon Richards . 1976. 1 copy.
- Reviews of Freedom Press publications. 1950, 1954, 1957, 1975-1978, 1983, 1985-1987, 1991-1992, 1995 and n.d. 1 folder.
- Reviews of the publications of Vernon Richards , including some correspondence. 1965-1966, 1968, 1972, 1978-1979, 1981-1984, 1996 and n.d. 1 folder.
- Printed articles in Freedom , mainly on George Orwell . Photocopies. 1947, 1950, 1954-1956. 1 cover.
- Documentation concerning the Soviet Union . 1939, 1961, 1974-1976, 1978-1983, 1986, 1990, 1994 and n.d. 1 folder.
- Documentation on anarchism. Partly photocopies. 1881, 1893, 1911, 1953, 1980, 1984, 1986, 1989, 1993, 1995 and n.d. 1 cover.
- Clippings of articles and clippings of received letters, including a letter from Vernon Richards , published in Freedom . 1967, 1995 and n.d. 1 cover.
- Miscellaneous documentation. Partly photocopies. 1888, 1891, 1900, 1909, 1936-1937, 1939-1940, 1951, 1965-1968, 1975-1983, 1985-1986, 1988, 1990-1995, 1997-2000 and n.d. 3 folders.
DOCUMENTS FROM RELATIVES
Marie Louise Berneri
- Letters from Marie Louise Berneri and some others to Gaston Davoust-Chazé . Photocopies. 1939-1940, 1946, 1953 and n.d. 1 cover.
- Letters from Marie Louise Berneri to various persons, including documentation. Photocopies. 1937, 1947-1948. 1 cover.
Manuscripts and notes
LIST OF THE MICROFILMS
(Inv.nos. with * are closed or partly closed. See list of the archive)