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World War I
The Netherlands remained neutral during World War I. The vivid war posters, which appeared on every street corner in countries such as Germany, France, and Great Britain, never surfaced in the Netherlands. The Dutch government launched very few propaganda campaigns at this time. Private organizations, however, provided information about healthcare (e.g. home nursing services) or tried to reduce the unemployment that resulted from the war (e.g. the Steuncomité 1914).
Peace lobbies, such as the Nederlandse Anti-Oorlog Raad [Dutch anti-war council] tried to establish international contacts to end the war sooner. Soon after the war, the social democrat Troelstra called for revolution. Although no posters were produced for this cause, some were designed for the volunteer relief corps and for the ubiquitous citizens' militias that monitored the socialists.
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