49 The Communist Manifesto

In 1848 the publication of the Communist Manifesto was sidelined by the February Revolution in France and the turmoil that followed elsewhere in Europe. Later on, Marx’s pamphlet was reprinted countless times as a summary or symbol of communism. The manuscript has been lost, but in June 1883 Engels sent a page of a draft (with two lines at the top by Marx’s wife Jenny von Westphalen) to Eduard Bernstein, who kept this final remnant.

The Communist Manifesto

The Communist Manifesto
Manuscript, only remaining page of the first draft, in Marx’s handwriting, 14 x 21
Karl Marx / Friedrich Engels Papers, no A 22



The Communist Manifesto in Spain

Additionally, the following article refers to the Manifesto in Spain: Emili Gasch, Difusiò del “Manifest comunista” a Catalunya i Espanya (1872-1939), Barcelona, 1975. See: http://www.raco.cat/index.php/Recerques/article/view/137522/241313

Web presentation Communist Manifesto

A web presentation on the Communist Manifesto,with editions from the IISH collection and a bibliography, can be found at http://www.iisg.nl/collections/manifest/