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Red-Haired Barbarians. The Dutch and other foreigners in Nagasaki and Yokohama, 1800-1865

Foreigners in Yokohama

In 1858 the Dutch monopoly ended. The United States, Great Britain, France and Russia also were granted trading rights with Japan. The foreigners settled in Yokohama, which quickly developed into Japan's most important harbor. Here they had much more freedom of movement than in Nagasaki. Women were also allowed to stay. An international community developed in which the Dutch no longer had special importance.
The prints made in Yokohama are more sophisticated than those from Nagasaki. The artistic level is higher, the printing quality is better, and more colors are used.

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True portrait of a
Dutch trading agent
admires peonies...

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Dutchman, French woman Dutchman, Englishman, American woman True depiction of a trading house in Yokohama True depiction of a trading house in Yokohama